Characteristics, cultivation and care of orchids

Today we come to talk about a plant with great peculiar and impressive beauty for the human being. It’s about orchids. Its scientific name is Orchidaceae for the family to which they belong. They are groupings of monocotyledonous plants that are distinguished by having leaves with quite complex formations. Thanks to orchids there are numerous interactions in nature and ecosystems, and in this post we will see the importance of them.

Do you want to know in depth all the characteristics, care, types and cultivation of orchids? Well, keep reading because this is your post

Main features

Within the orchid family there are about 25,000 species of plants. They are easily recognized when viewed from a distance since they present flowers with good bilateral symmetry. It is as if they were perfectly modified by humans. The stamens have them fused at the base in style.

Among the various species of orchids we can find many differences. One of them is size. It is capable of varying between only a few millimeters and in other specimens we find a gigantic size. As for the size of the flowers, it also has high diversity depending on the species that we are seeing. There are orchids with very small flowers that reach one or two millimeters in size, while others can be up to 20 centimeters. Some species of giant orchids up to 76 cm have been found.

The aroma is also very varied depending on the specimen we are treating. We can find aromas from the most delicate, soft and others that have a rather unpleasant smell.

As you have seen, depending on the type of specimen we are analyzing, we can see big differences. And it is that there are orchids that appear spontaneously in numerous ecosystems with different characteristics. All this makes each species suffer different adaptations and take on different characteristics. The only exception to this are the orchids that appear in desert and polar climates. In this case we find similar orchids. The best in the world are found in the intertropical zones.

Necessary care

In order to enjoy our orchids both in terms of flowers and aroma, we must respect certain requirements and grant them some special care. These wonderful flowers capable of decorating any garden or interior room of a house must be taken care of.

The first thing to keep in mind is that the care that indoor and outdoor orchids have is very similar. Therefore, by learning general care, you can give your plant a healthy life.


Sunlight is necessary for orchids to grow strong and healthy. However, it is not good to leave them in direct light, since they are sensitive to them. It is best to put them in semi-shade in well-lit places. If direct light hits it for a long time, it can cause it to wilt completely, losing all its color and aroma. If we have the orchid at home, it is best to place them near the windows where they do not get direct light but it is illuminated. If we place it in an office where the light is not abundant, we can place an artificial mercury light to supplant the sunlight and guarantee its dose of light.

If, on the contrary, we have it in the garden outside, the best place to locate them is the one where there is a larger plant or a few trees that can provide some shade and that does not give it direct sunlight. Thus we will be avoiding possible damage to the plant.


Another aspect to consider is water. This element is just as important as sunlight for our plants to develop well. But the orchid is perhaps a little more demanding to water than other plants can be. If we usually water them with tap water, we will be exposing them to an amount of chlorine that can be dangerous for them. High pH can also damage it.

To avoid this situation, it is best to use bottled water if we have few plants. If we have large quantities throughout the garden, it is best to install a filtering system so that the chlorine does not wreak havoc on our precious plants.

The frequency of irrigation must also be controlled. In the hottest season and with less rainfall, you have to water more frequently. However, in winter it is important to increase the time between watering and watering. The best indicator to know when to water is that the substrate is partially dry without being completely dry.

As I always say, well-drained soil is the best ally in gardens. We must avoid at all costs that when we water our orchid the soil gets flooded, since we will get them to rot completely. To increase the drainage of a soil with a tendency to compact it is advisable to do some tilling or some holes frequently so that they act to improve drainage.


Since orchids live in tropical areas, they need an ever higher temperature. They cannot drop less than 5 or 4 degrees, otherwise they will wither in no time. If the area where you live is frequented by cold spells, you have several options. The first is to keep them indoors on colder days. To do this you must plant your orchid in a pot and be able to move it when necessary. This is unthinkable if we have the garden completely full of them.

Another option in case of having a large number is to place a kind of greenhouse for the colder months. Thus we will be protecting them not only from low temperatures, but from strong gusts of winter winds.

As they come from tropical environments, they are plants that are used to high levels of humidity. Therefore, it is highly recommended that they have a humidity level above 40%.

I hope that with these tips you can take care of and get to know orchids better.

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