Gardening

[12 Steps] to Sowing Peas in Your Garden Without Problems

Did you know one thing  Peas can be grown most of the year , except July and August (the hottest months).

Cool, huh?

Do you know anything else? They have a HUGE amount of  health benefits. 

And … the last one: during their cultivation they release nitrogen into the soil , so greatly enhance the sowing that is done later  of other vegetables and greens.

I don’t know if you’re convinced, but I am. I want to grow my own peas and I want to learn how to do it .

Let’s get to it

   

How to Plant Peas Step by Step:
  1. When? Preferably in autumn. In cold climates, from February.
  2. Where? Place that receives sunlight. At least 6 hours of light a day.
  3. Harvest time? Between 58 and 72 days.
  4. How do we prepare the land?  The pH of 6.5. Moist and well-draining soil. Removed with a motor hoe (preferably).
  5. How do we pay? With compost, lightly. Also worm castings . Adding more nitrogen is not recommended.
  6. How do we water? Ideal, with drip.
  7. How often do we water? Avoid waterlogging. It prefers copious and spaced waterings. So wait several days but more watering time. Do not water the plants to avoid diseases.
  8. How do we plant peas? Make furrows. Bury the seeds about 3 cm. Then every 20 cm to bury a seed again. They are plants that require a lot of space.
  9. How do we do the harvest? Pay attention periodically to the lumps of the peas that grow inside the pods. Monitor the appearance of flowers, generally a week later we can collect.
  10. What do we associate it with? In general with any other crop.
  11. What do we NOT associate it with? Neither garlic nor onions .
  12. What pests and diseases does it have? The pea worm, birds, snails, aphids .

 

L os peas are legumes that grow in cooler climates , between autumn and spring .

They are characterized by being climbing  plants  and, in addition to being a good source of proteins, minerals and fibers , they are also beneficial for the earth , since they fix nitrogen in the soil.

Peas can be eaten fresh, in salads, rice , soups, stir-fries, or stews .

And how they turn out  relatively easy to sow, They are a good option for those who are starting to make their own garden .

Did you know…
It was one of the plants used by Gregor Mendel in his experiments , which laid the foundations of genetics.

 

Main characteristics of peas

Its scientific name is Pisum sativum and it is native to the Mediterranean basin .

It is one of the oldest edible plants and probably the first cultivated by humans .

Nearly 10,000-year-old fossils have been found in archaeological sites in the Near East . By 2,000 a. C. its cultivation had already spread throughout Europe.

Did you know…
The best way to detach fresh peas is to use your thumb to scrape the peas, as they are only attached to one side of the pod.

The peas as we consume them are actually the seed that is enclosed in the pea pod .

Varieties:
  • Dwarf varieties , whose stem reaches between 35 and 60 cm. of length.
  • Semi-dwarf varieties , with stems from 60 to 70 cm.
  • Climbing varieties , whose stems measure between 100 and 180 cm.

Peas  are harvested during cool seasons  from the northern hemisphere, although they can be enjoyed both in spring and autumn .

Plant  r equires loose soil and light for cultivation and although not very choosy about the nutrients of the substrate where they are grown, is recommended to provide some fertilizer containing lime and dolomite.

By sowing it, in addition to taking advantage of all the nutrients that freshly grown peas provide , you can enjoy its exquisite flavor when they are still fresh .

And the best thing is that you will greatly increase the structure of the soil in your garden.

Even the bushes that remain after harvest will serve as green manure .

Did you know…
You can tell if the peas are young by the firmness of their pods.

Necessary conditions for growing peas

To sow peas we must pay attention to the following requirements:

The weather

They do well in a temperate climate , with moderate cold and humid . They do not withstand excess heat , or very dry weather.

Its optimal temperatures are around between 15 to 22 ºC. 

With temperatures below 8 ºC, the plant stops growing and its development stops.

Weather tips

To ensure a cool climate , we can grow peas in late summer or early fall and thus harvest them for the winter .

If the place where you are has very low temperatures, it will be better to sow a month before the date of the last frost.

 They also do not withstand high temperatures.  Above 30 ºC, it is no longer recommended for the well-being of the plant.

Pea plants prefer to be in full sun.   At least 6 hours a day , ensuring that the weather is not too hot.

In semi-shadow its performance decreases a bit , but it does not stop.

Some varieties, such as those with wrinkled seeds, can bear a little more shade.

If you live in a very hot region , plant your peas at a time when the sun is not as intense or in a place where they receive sun, but can be in the shade during the hottest hours.

Determine which spots in your garden are the most appropriate for growing peas.

Irrigation

It requires soil with a certain degree of humidity , so copious and spaced waterings are advisable,  more than continued watering.

Irrigation recommendations

The most important  is to avoid waterlogging.  An excess water can cause the seeds to rot.

Use the drip irrigation to go providing water slowly throughout the day and night, in moderate amounts.

To prevent fungus from forming , it is best to aim the water at the soil and not at the leaves . When the seeds have not yet germinated, try to do drip irrigation so that the water pressure does not drown them or bury them further.

During the flowering period , the plants will need more water supply.

Trick:
To find out when it ‘s convenient to water , bury a pencil in the dirt . If it comes out dry it means that the soil needs to be watered . On the contrary, if it comes out with traces of soil attached , it means that the soil still contains sufficient moisture in the lower layers.

Wait until the top first 7 inches of soil has dried before watering it again.

It is recommended to establish a good watering regime and be constant.

You can use a soft sprinkler, such as a rain hose type of sprinkler head.

As information, for industrial planting it is recommended to water the pea plants 70 ml per plant , every two days.

Nutrients

Although peas are not a particularly nutrient- demanding crop , they do require significant contributions of fertilizers.  This will ensure a good harvest.

Depending on the soil conditions , it may be appropriate to add some complex compost that contains some lime and dolomite.

Tips on nutrients

In the case of poor soils , we can add a little well-fermented compost . You can also add worm h umus.

Remember that peas can get their own nitrogen . If you give too much of it in the form of fertilizer you will achieve that l as guides to grow large , but give few peas.

If the plant grows yellow , or does not produce flowers at a regular rate , you can add a handful of compost  to the top layer of soil.

When they have blossomed, you can also apply a banana infusion or potato infusion to add potassium .

Did you know…
India is the world’s largest producer of peas.

The substrate

Peas adapt well to all types of soil , as long as the soil is loose and has a reasonable amount of compost . However, they prefer cool, soft and well-drained soils.

Not you agree soils very chalky and dry or too humid acids.

Substrate Recommendations

Keep the soil free of weeds to avoid pests and diseases.

You must ensure that the pH is not less than 6.5.

It is not necessary that the soil be excessively deep , but it does have a good drainage . To achieve this, sawdust or small stones can be added to the substrate to facilitate drainage.

Another good idea to make it easier for the water to drain properly is mulch with mulch or comfrey leaves.

They need a sunny exposure and frequent waterings.

Before sowing

The seeds

The pea seed is round, 0.5 cm . approximately. Its color is greenish brown or white , depending on the variety.

It can also be smooth or wrinkled.

Choose a variety that is to your liking and that fits well where you are going to grow it.

Climbing varieties need a framework that channels their growth. They are more showy and require more vertical space.

The dwarf and semi-dwarf varieties grow in shrubs and are more compact , so they do not require support. Since they don’t generate much shade,

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