Gardening

23 vegetables you can plant in the fall

If you want to start an organic garden or simply want to continue growing your own vegetables, we will tell you what you can plant or sow during the fall.

At this point in the year we will have harvested practically all the fruits and vegetables of spring and summer and it is time to sow the autumn vegetables .

We can start by preparing our own seedbeds (we recommend the use of organic seeds ) or acquire ready-made seedlings and simply transplant them (this second option is the fastest and ensures greater viability of plant survival).

Read the posts Prepare seedbeds or seedlings in a simple way and 5 tips for transplanting for more information.

During this time of year the temperatures drop compared to summer, there is more wind, the days are shorter and therefore there is less light and more rain occurs.

In areas with a lot of wind (especially from the north) and / or frost it may be a good idea to grow vegetables that may be less resistant in a greenhouse or under plastic. It can also come in handy to add shrubs to your garden to act as windbreaks.

Keep in mind that for some of the vegetables (such as chard, cabbage or squash, etc.) there are varieties of summer, autumn, winter … choose the right one for each season of the year.

For more information you can see the table of association of crops .

We also advise you which organic seeds to use , the best planters, growing boxes and tables for your garden and essential books to learn everything about organic gardening .

Let’s see which plants can withstand the cold and humid temperatures characteristic of autumn well.

23 vegetables you can plant in the fall

plant chard1.- Chard

A green leafy vegetable that you cannot miss in the kitchen. If you live in a temperate climate zone practically throughout the year you can plant chard.

Locate this vegetable both in full sun and semi-shade, in both cases it adapts very well. But yes, if you are going to grow chard in areas with a cold climate, it is preferable to leave it until the end of winter or to do it in a greenhouse.

In a period of 50 to 60 days, you will have your organic chard ready to harvest.

Here you have more information about the organic cultivation of chard.

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2.- Garlic

In mid-autumn we can start sowing garlic.

It is a very undemanding type of crop, so it is very suitable for people who are just starting out in horticulture or for those who cannot dedicate much time to their garden.

We simply need a clove of garlic that we will insert into a small hole about 4 cm deep that we will make in the ground.

We can grow garlic both directly on the ground and in containers, pots and cultivation tables.

Access the garlic cultivation file .

3.- Borage

Normally it begins to cultivate by means of direct seeding. It is an undemanding vegetable in terms of macro and micronutrient requirements in the cultivation soil and it can withstand winter relatively easily.

Leave a planting frame of about 40 cm to allow the plants enough space to develop.

Try to place your borage plants in full sun to obtain better harvests and to keep the soil with a constant degree of humidity.

A great benefit of growing borage in our garden is that its beautiful flowers attract bees, one of the main pollinators .

From borage we can consume both its flowers, as well as the leaves and stems.

4.- Broccoli

To get a staggered harvest, you can sow or transplant a week or two apart.

Normally, broccoli is sown in the seedbed and after approximately 50 days it is usually transplanted.

For this type of cultivation it is preferable that the soil has a pH around 6.5 because they have a predilection for soils with a certain acidity. It is important that the land is rich in organic matter because in this sense it is a demanding crop.

Make sure that the waterings are sufficient and regular, especially during the development of the pellet.

Access the broccoli cultivation file .

5.- Pumpkin or squash

A very versatile vegetable in the kitchen that is worth growing ourselves.

To make it easier and faster for you to germinate the pumpkin or squash seeds, leave them in a wet cloth 48 hours before sowing them.

Avoid excess water in the waterings because the pumpkin could rot.

For the pumpkins to grow in all their splendor, put them in an area that receives direct sun and avoid shade.

Access the organic pumpkin cultivation file by clicking here

 

plant canons6.- Canons

They look great in salads and are one of the green leafy vegetables that we can grow both directly on the ground and in containers and cultivation tables.

It is important to make sure that we keep the soil sufficiently moist and that it has a good supply of organic matter, because it requires soils rich in nutrients.

Place the lamb’s lettuce in a sunny space, because they grow best with good sun exposure.

In just 50 to 60 days we will have our organic lamb’s lettuce ready to harvest.

See what it takes to grow lamb’s lettuce .

7.- Onion

There are many different varieties of onions, choose the ones you like best and best adapt to the climate of the area where you are going to plant the onions so that you get better results.

It is important that you water them regularly, that they do not have excess water and that you place them in an area with good sun exposure, although they can usually adapt to areas with semi-shade.

Depending on the variety of onion that we sow, we can start harvesting it between 60 days and 120 days.

Find more information about growing onions here .

8.- Cabbage, red cabbage and cabbage

It is a type of cultivation that requires soils rich in organic matter, for this you can incorporate worm humus or compost to the cultivation soil.

It is a very sensitive vegetable to drought, it would be good to use drip or exudate irrigation to ensure that the humidity of the soil is optimal and constant without wasting water.

Cabbages need good sun exposure, direct light improves their development.

Access the cabbage cultivation file .

9.- Cauliflower

Cauliflower seeds take very little time to germinate, they just need a week. Of course, you must keep the seedbeds at an average temperature of 14ºC.

Cauliflower is a demanding crop when it comes to water. You will need generous and abundant waterings. Avoid growing cauliflower if you are in a dry area with little rainfall.

To prevent cauliflower from having a bitter taste due to sun exposure, it is important to cover it with the leaves. That is why it is preferable to grow it in semi-shade.

Read more about growing cauliflower .

plant parsnips10.- Parsnip

It is a root vegetable that resists the cold well and its cultivation does not usually have many problems, so it is a good vegetable to grow if you are starting in the world of horticulture.

With parsnip we can opt for direct sowing and we can also prepare seedbeds or seedlings.

As it is a root vegetable, we must ensure that the soil has good depth, it is well aerated and spongy, it is not caked and there are no stones or large clods of earth that could hinder the development of the parsnip.

Do you want to know more about the cultivation of parsnip? Click here .

11.- Endive

It is a green leafy vegetable that will withstand the low temperatures of autumn quite well.

With endive we can both prepare seedlings and acquire seedlings and transplant them directly. Choose the option that best suits your needs.

So that it can grow well, leave at least a 40 cm x 40 cm planting frame for the endive. This way we leave enough space for each endive and it can better receive sunlight.

In about 80 to 90 days you can already harvest your organic endives.

12.- Spinach

Another great green leafy vegetable to grow at this time of year.

Maintain regular watering during the cultivation of spinach, avoid waterlogging because it is especially sensitive to excess water. Another factor that influences water stagnation is the drainage capacity of the land.

If you have a garden in pots, spinach is great to grow in containers and grow tables.

Plant the spinach in a bright area, where it receives direct sunlight.

In just 45 to 55 days we can harvest our organic spinach.

Access the spinach cultivation file .

13.- Peas, peas or peas

It is not necessary to prepare seedlings, so we will sow them directly in their final cultivation site.

If you have little space for your garden, legumes like peas are great because they are vertical crops that don’t take up much space.

It is necessary to tutor the plants so that they grow straight and receive the sun on their entire surface.

It can be a plant sensitive to frost, so it will be necessary to protect it if you live in a cold area or to postpone its cultivation until the end of winter.

Read more about growing peas organically .

plant beans14.- Broad beans

I usually choose to plant lima beans directly at their final growing site instead of preparing seedlings.

I leave a space between seed and seed of about 30 cm.

If you do not water enough (but without watering it) you will notice it because the plants give few pods or because they are smaller and their seeds (beans) also.

Make sure that the farmland is loose, without caking, that it is rich in organic matter and that it has good depth.

Like peas, lima beans need tutored so that during their growth they receive good light and so that the air can flow between the plants.

It is interesting to grow legumes in the garden because they help fix nitrogen in the soil and make it more beneficial, among other things, to later grow vegetables that have high nitrogen requirements.

In about 120 to 140 days you can start harvesting your nutritious beans or organic beans and enjoy them in your favorite dishes.

Click here to see more information.

15.- Lettuce

One option to grow lettuce is from seed and another option is to grow from seedling. Whether you grow it in the ground directly or in pots or grow tables, leave a minimum planting frame of 20 centimeters by 20 centimeters.

Keep the waterings regular and the soil always with a little moisture. Mulch or padding can come in handy.

Depending on the variety of lettuce that we sow and the growing conditions, in about 50 to 60 days you can already be harvesting organic lettuce.

Access the lettuce cultivation file .

16.- Turnip

There are varieties that resist autumn and winter conditions very well.

Start by growing your turnip by direct seeding. Leave a planting frame of about 12 cm.

The soil should be loose and free of stones and large pieces of soil so as not to hinder the growth of the turnip.

This crop is demanding in terms of irrigation.

Ah! Do not throw away the leaves because they are edible and very nutritious. You can cook them just like spinach, even substitute them for them in cooking recipes.

17.- Potato or potato

Even in pots and sacks we can grow organic potatoes. Of course, make sure they have a depth of about 60 cm.

The soil must be loose, well sifted and free of pieces of earth or stones to allow the development of this tuber.

Try to keep the soil always a little damp (humid, not wet) and put the plants in a place where they receive sunlight.

Depending on the variety of potato or potato you plant and the growing conditions, after 12 weeks you could start harvesting your organic potatoes.

See how to plant potatoes .

18.- Leeks or garlic porros

Choose one of the leek varieties to grow in the fall and winter.

It is possible both to sow them directly and to prepare the seedlings and transplant them later.

They do not require much space to grow and you can grow it in pots or cultivation tables that have a minimum depth of 30 cm. Leave a 12 “x 12” planting frame between leek and leek.

As it is a nitrogen demanding crop, grow the leeks in the same location where you previously planted legumes.

It is important to carry out the hilling, which consists of piling up the earth to cover the stem as it grows so that it remains white.

In a period of 100 to 120 days you will begin to harvest your organic garlic or leeks.

19.- Radishes

A very common crop in urban gardens because they grow very well in containers and cultivation tables due to the little space they require.

They are also quite rustic, so you only have to take into account some basic issues, such as maintaining regular watering to prevent cracking.

Make direct sowing where you want to grow your radishes, you do not need to prepare the seedlings or seedlings.

Plant the radishes in a staggered fashion so that you have a supply of radishes for several successive weeks.

In just 30 days we already have our organic radishes ready to harvest.

Enter the radish cultivation tab .

plant radish20.- Radish

There are many varieties of radishes and surely there is one that can best adapt to the climate of the area in which you are going to grow them.

We can start by sowing radish seeds directly. If you are going to grow them in pots or cultivation tables, they must have a minimum depth of 20 cm.

Depending on the variety of radish and if it has had ideal conditions for its growth, you can be enjoying organic radishes in about 30 days.

21.- Beetroot or beet

Another of the common crops in urban gardens and orchards in pots.

As in the crops of root vegetables and tubers and bulbs, special care must be taken that the earth has good water drainage so that it does not remain accumulated and can rot them.

Place the beterradas in full sun and avoid being in the shade of other plants.

Depending on the variety of beet and growing conditions, after 90 days you can start harvesting organic beets.

Read about growing beets .

22.- Arugula

A green leafy vegetable that is mainly used in salads but can also be added to pasta and pizza recipes where it looks great.

It is an ideal type of cultivation for pots, containers and cultivation tables because it does not require a large planting frame and we can make good use of the little space we have.

It is able to withstand low temperatures and it is not a demanding crop as far as soils are concerned.

In just 30 or 40 days you can start harvesting your organic arugula and enjoy it as you like.

Discover more facts about the cultivation of arugula .

23.- Carrots

Direct sowing of carrot seeds tends to give better results than seedlings because they do not withstand transplants well.

The soil must be well worked and free of clods and stones that can hinder the growth of the carrot.

It is a type of root vegetable that we can sow without problems in pots and cultivation tables that have a depth of 30 cm. Leave a space between seed and seed of 10 cm.

Try to avoid excessive waterings because they can rot the carrot and keep them regular throughout the crop so that they do not crack.

Depending on the variety, the carrot you grow, in a period of 15 weeks you could already be tasting your delicious organic carrots.

Access the carrot crop file .

 

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