Gardening

25 types of medicinal plants according to their effect on our body

Medicinal plants or herbs have different properties depending on the substances or active principles they have. These active principles will be the ones that define what effect or therapeutic action the plant will have on our body .

Depending on that effect or action of the medicinal plant in our body, we can classify them, for example, as diuretic, astringent, diaphoretic, antidiabetic, expectorant, sedative, hepatoprotective, anti-inflammatory, laxative, antibiotic, digestive, antiasthmatic, relaxing, and vulnerable plants. antacids, immunostimulants, hypotensive, carminative, anthelmintic, cholagogue, cardiotonic, analgesic, galactogenic and antiseptic.

ecological medicinal plants

1.- Diuretic medicinal plants

These types of plants have the ability to stimulate the amount of urine that we eliminate.

What are medicinal plants with diuretic action good or useful for? These plants are very useful for cases of urinary tract infections such as cystitis, or also for stones. In addition, these plants have an antiseptic effect that helps fight infection and heal wounds (vulvar action).

Examples of diuretic medicinal plants : birch, burdock, yarrow, motherwort, holy thistle, caraway, shepherd’s purse, horsetail, heather, nettle, laurel, and nasturtium.

2.- Astringent medicinal plants

Medicinal plants with astringent action have the quality of acting on the mucous membranes, extracting the accumulated fluid and contracting the tissues. This type of plant also has an associated anti-inflammatory effect as it is capable of reducing tissue inflammation.

What are astringent medicinal plants good for? These types of plants are recommended for episodes of diarrhea or when there is an excess of secretions and inflamed tissue, as in colds and bronchitis.

Examples of astringent medicinal plants : runner thistle, oregano, black tea, veronica, ash, walnut, guarana, birch, cinnamon, sage, verbena, tormentilla, chamomile, nopal, willow, achiote, witch hazel and hyssop.

3.- Diaphoretic or sudorific medicinal plants

The medicinal plants with diaphoretic or sudorific action what they do is increase the production of sweat.

What are diaphoretic or sudoriferous medicinal plants good for? These plants are used for cases of fever, bronchitis and colds.

Examples of diaphoretic or sudoriferous medicinal plants : burdock, black poplar, meadowsweet, fumaria, linden, chamomile, vernonica, black currant, and mullein.

On the other hand, we have antidiaphoretic medicinal plants , which are those that reduce excessive sweating.

Examples of antidiaphoretic medicinal plants : walnut, belladonna, oak bark, sage and lavender.

4.- Antidiabetic medicinal plants

Medicinal plants with antidiabetic action stimulate the production of insulin in the pancreas and / or regulate the level of sugar in the blood.

What are antidiabetic medicinal plants good for? These plants are beneficial for people with diabetes, people whose pancreas is not working optimally, or for those who may have a genetic propensity for diabetes.

Examples of antidiabetic medicinal plants : stevia, mugwort, chia, burdock, aloe vera or aloe, holy thistle, cinnamon, agrimony and lesser centaurea.

5.- Medicinal expectorant plants

Medicinal plants with an expectorant effect increase the dissolution of accumulated mucus and to facilitate its elimination. This type of plant also tends to have antiseptic and relaxing action.

What are expectorant medicinal plants good for? They are very good for cases of bronchitis, cough, accumulated mucus, laryngitis, pharyngitis

Examples of expectorant medicinal plants : peppermint, coltsfoot, marshmallow, eucalyptus, thyme, mullein, marjoram, fennel, myrrh, licorice, plantain, and mallow.

6.- sedative medicinal plants

Medicinal plants with sedative action act mainly on our central nervous system, calming nervous excitement.

What are sedative medicinal plants good for? They are used for cases of anxiety, nervous disturbance and insomnia.

Examples of sedative medicinal plants : poppy, heather, mugwort, valerian, motherwort, hops, lemon balm, vervain, belladonna, sweet orange, passionflower, lavender, angelica, and goldenrod.

7.- Hepatoprotective medicinal plants

Medicinal plants with hepatoprotective effect exert their effect on the liver. These plants protect this organ and promote its proper functioning.

What are hepatoprotective medicinal plants good for? For fatty liver, hepatitis, cirrhosis, drug side effects, liver malfunction in general.

Examples of hepatoprotective medicinal plants : milk thistle, aloe vera or aloe, chicory, horehound, chicory, burdock, cornflower, turmeric, dandelion, artichoke, licorice, tamarind, rosemary and lemon verbena.

8.- Anti-inflammatory medicinal plants

Medicinal plants with anti-inflammatory action prevent or reduce tissue inflammation.

What are anti-inflammatory medicinal plants good for? For cases in which an inflammatory response occurs in our body such as bumps, sprains, injuries, obesity, rheumatitis, rheumatoid arthritis, arthritis, allergies or bursitis.

Examples of anti-inflammatory medicinal plants : devil’s claw, turmeric, alfalfa, ginger, verbena, arnica, meadowsweet, bay leaf, blueberry, borage, horse chestnut, yarrow, cornflower and gentian.

9.- Laxative medicinal plants

Medicinal plants with a laxative effect stimulate bowel movements by expelling stool.

What are laxative medicinal plants good for? They are used to prevent or combat cases of acute or chronic constipation caused by stress, intestinal or digestive tract ailments, poor eating habits, dehydration or lack of physical activity.

Examples of laxative medicinal plants : cambronera, licorice, fenugreek or fenugreek, pulp of aloe vera or aloe, mullein, flax, sesame or sesame, artichoke and mallow.

10.- Antibiotic medicinal plants

Medicinal plants with antibiotic action have the ability to eliminate or reduce the proliferation of pathogenic microorganisms that cause damage to our body through infections and diseases. These harmful microorganisms can be bacteria, molds and fungi.

What are antibiotic medicinal plants good for? These types of plants are used to prevent or combat ailments caused by bacteria, molds and fungi such as athlete’s foot, candidiasis, ringworm, onychomycosis, vaginosis, pharyngitis, otitis, skin and scalp infections.

Examples of antibiotic medicinal plants : cinnamon, rosemary, licorice or sweet stick, onion, basil, cloves, astragalus, soursop or graviola, garlic, sage, tea tree, ginger, cat’s claw, cornflower and thyme.

11.- Digestive medicinal plants

Medicinal plants with a digestive effect favor the correct function of the organs and glands that are part of the digestive system.

What are digestive medicinal plants good for? To prevent or alleviate slow and heavy digestions, indigestion, swollen abdomen and discomfort in the abdominal cavity.

Examples of digestive medicinal plants : yarrow, caraway, lemon verbena, mint, alfalfa, fennel, thyme, chamomile, cumin, green anise, chicory, savory, and cardamom.

12.- Antiasthmatic medicinal plants

Medicinal plants with antiasthmatic action prevent or relieve asthma.

What are antiasthmatic medicinal plants good for? To prevent or relieve asthma symptoms such as coughing, spasms, shortness of breath, or a choking sensation.

Examples of antiasthmatic medicinal plants : sundew, grindelia, eucalyptus, belladonna, lobelia, coltsfoot and ephedra.

13.- Relaxing medicinal plants

Relaxing medicinal plants act on the central nervous system.

What are relaxing medicinal plants good for? Relaxing herbs are useful for mild and temporary cases of insomnia, anxiety, stress, emotional and physical exhaustion.

Examples of relaxing medicinal plants : hawthorn, ylang ylang, linden, orange blossom and valerian.

14.- Vulnerary medicinal plants

Vulnerary medicinal plants have a repairing effect on the tissues or structures of our body that are damaged.

What are vulnerable medicinal plants good for? These medicinal herbs are excellent for treating sores, scrapes, cuts, abscesses, burns, ulcers, cracks and wounds in general, whether external or internal.

Examples of vulnerable medicinal plants : calendula, rosemary, sweet clover, borage, plantain, horsetail, marshmallow, horse chestnut, rosehip, ginger and aloe vera or aloe.

15.- Antacid medicinal plants

What plants or medicinal herbs with antacid action do is neutralize excess acidity that can occur in the stomach during digestion.

What are antacid medicinal plants good for? They are beneficial to prevent and combat heartburn (heartburn) and indigestion.

Examples of antacid medicinal plants : green anise, peppermint, chamomile, fennel, licorice, aloe vera or aloe, cinnamon, linden, sage, rosemary, gentian, marjoram, and boldo.

16.- Immunostimulating medicinal plants

Medicinal plants with immunostimulating effect improve and stimulate the functioning of our immune system.

What are immunostimulating medicinal plants good for? These medicinal herbs are excellent for diseases in which the immune system is depressed due to issues such as the flu, long periods of sustained stress, professional sports, medical treatments, drug and alcohol abuse, chronic insomnia, even cancer or HIV .

Examples of immunostimulating medicinal plants : astragalus, black cumin or wormwood, cat’s claw, maca, licorice, mistletoe, echinacea, aloe vera or aloe, minor centaury, gentian and ginseng.

17.- Hypotensive medicinal plants

Medicinal plants with hypotensive action what they do is lower blood pressure.

What are hypotensive medicinal plants good for? They are beneficial in cases of hypertension or high blood pressure.

Examples of hypotensive medicinal plants : olive, valerian, gentian, hawthorn, walnut, sweet clover, horsetail and hops.

18.- Carminative medicinal plants

Medicinal plants with carminative action prevent the formation of gases and help to expel the gases already accumulated in the gastrointestinal tract.

What are carminative medicinal plants beneficial for? These medicinal herbs are great for killing bacteria that cause fermentation and for expelling gas that causes abdominal discomfort and relieving tension, cramps, and contractions of the muscles of the intestine.

Examples of carminative medicinal plants : hyssop, chamomile, juniper, anise, epazote, mint, fennel, sweet clover, cumin, caraway and sage.

19.- Anthelmintic or vermifuge medicinal plants

Anthelmintic or vermifuge medicinal plants have antiparasitic action against organisms such as tapeworms, worms, worms, etc.

What are anthelmintic or vermifuge medicinal plants good for? These herbs are very useful to eliminate or expel the parasites that host the intestine.

Examples of anthelmintic or vermifuge medicinal plants : ash, pomegranate, male fern, wormwood, pumpkin seeds, tansy, fumitory and thyme.

20.- Choleretic and cholagogue medicinal plants

Choleretic and cholagogue medicinal herbs stimulate the liver to produce bile and remove it from the bile ducts and gallbladder.

What are choleretic and cholagogue medicinal plants good for? These medicinal plants improve the functioning of our liver and are beneficial in case of ailments in this gland such as fatty liver.

Examples of choleretic and cholagogue medicinal plants : oregano, horehound, holy thistle, barberry, chicory, tamarind, artichoke, rhubarb, vine, agrimony, peppermint and rosemary.

21.- Cardiotonic medicinal plants

Cardiotonic medicinal plants have an invigorating or stimulating action on the heart.

What are cardiotonic medicinal plants good for? These herbs are beneficial for increasing or improving heart muscle function, thereby stimulating blood circulation.

Examples of cardiotonic medicinal plants : albarrana, lily of the valley, convalaria, adonis, meliloto, scorpion, hawthorn, digitalis, borage, boxwood and hawthorn.

22.- Stimulating medicinal plants

Stimulating medicinal plants or herbs have a toning action on the central nervous and muscular systems.

What are stimulant medicinal plants good for? These types of plants are excellent for giving us extra energy and vitality in times of stress or in need of greater physical or mental performance.

Examples of stimulating medicinal plants : rosemary, St. John’s wort, eleutherum, lavender, ginseng, suma or zuma, basil, green tea, maca, savory and mistletoe.

23.- Analgesic medicinal plants

Analgesic medicinal plants have a reducing or eliminating effect on pain.

What are analgesic medicinal plants good for? They are useful for cases such as headaches, muscle and neurological pain, trauma pain, etc. Often these plants also have anti-inflammatory action.

Examples of analgesic medicinal plants : mountain tea, devil’s claw, verbena, arnica, white willow, passion fruit, cloves, black poplar and meadowsweet.

24.- Galactogogue or galactogenic medicinal plants

Galactogogue or galactogenic medicinal plants stimulate the secretion of breast milk.

What are galactogogue or galactogenic medicinal plants for? They are useful for mothers who are breastfeeding and need to stimulate the secretion of milk.

Examples of galactogogue or galactogenic medicinal plants : anise, fennel, caraway, milk thistle, sesame or sesame, cumin, fenugreek or fenugreek.

25.- Antiseptic medicinal plants

Medicinal plants or herbs with antiseptic action eliminate germs or pathogens that cause damage to our body.

What are antiseptic medicinal plants good for? These herbs can be used for ailments or conditions caused by pathogenic microorganisms such as infections, acne, wounds, bites or stings that can become infected, burns, etc.

Examples of antiseptic medicinal plants : heather, mint, burdock, bilberry, sabal, black poplar, sage, garlic, birch, calendula, coriander, cypress, turmeric, Icelandic lichen, and Hellenium.

This is general information. Before taking any medicinal plant, consult a health professional who can know your state of health and your needs so that they can recommend which options are the best in your particular case.

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