Gardening

7 aromatic and medicinal plants that you can plant at home

 

Would you like to enjoy fresh aromatic herbs in your cooking recipes? And being able to use them to take care of yourself naturally using them in home remedies? There are aromatic and medicinal plants that we can grow in pots or containers at home throughout the year without having a vegetable garden or garden.

I’m going to give you some ideas of aromatic and medicinal plants that you can grow indoors and some key tips and advice so that it is not difficult for you to keep them in good condition.

7 aromatic and medicinal plants that you can plant at home

Melissa or Melissa

This herb is also known as lemongrass, lemongrass, or citronella. It is a perennial plant that has the ability to adapt very well to different types of substrates. Place it in a place where it can receive sunlight, although it can also grow in semi-shady locations. It does not need abundant waterings, in fact, lemon balm is a plant that tolerates droughts well, so it will be better to water less than go overboard. Apply a 2 cm layer of organic matter such as worm castings or compost once a year to replenish nutrients and promote fertility. You will need a pot about 30 cm deep and another 30 cm wide.

In the kitchen we can use citronella in many dishes because it provides a very pleasant aroma and flavor of lemon, being able to include it in roasts, baked preparations, salads, sauces and dressings and even in desserts.

In folk medicine, lemon balm is used to soothe headaches, help us relax, fight bad breath or halitosis, help reduce high blood pressure and dizziness and nausea.

Tarragon

The Tarragon plant is also popularly known as Dragoncillo. This aromatic plant can withstand low temperatures well. Although it is true that it does not tolerate shade very well and if it does not receive direct sun it cannot grow well. Locate it in a bright area, away from heat sources such as radiators or fireplaces. It is a plant that adapts well to all types of substrates, yes, we will provide organic matter once a year to ensure a good supply of nutrients. It does not need abundant waterings, with watering between 1 and 3 times a week with little quantity is enough. We can multiply it quickly by cuttings mainly in the spring.

In the kitchen we can use tarragon for baked recipes, stews and dressings. It has a very characteristic aroma that gives a different touch to the dishes. This aromatic plant is highly valued in French gastronomy and is used in a wide variety of recipes.

In folk medicine, tarragon is used to combat toothache, it is a natural remedy to relieve headaches , purify the liver and gallbladder, insomnia and to relieve the pain of osteoarthritis and rheumatism.

Look at the sowing calendar

Herb Luisa

This aromatic plant gives off an excellent aroma. It is not surprising that it is used in the preparation of homemade colognes. Popularly, in some areas it is also known by the name of Cedrón (just like Melisa). To grow the Luisa herb indoors we have the possibility of locating it both in a sunny area that receives direct sunlight and in semi-shaded areas with less light, the plant adapts very well to both conditions. You need a substrate with a certain degree of humidity, but without excess water. It does not support sudden changes in temperature and grows very well in warm temperatures. Keep it away from wind currents. It is easier to multiply Luisa grass by cuttings than by seeds.

In the kitchen, the herb Luisa is very good in sauces, providing a very pleasant lemon aroma. In fact, you can infuse extra virgin olive oil with some cut or crushed leaves of Luisa grass and with this oil you can dress warm and cold dishes such as salads. It gives it a unique touch. It also looks great in cold drinks like lemonades or cocktails.

In popular medicine, the herb Luisa has traditionally been used for poor digestion and a swollen belly, gas, it helps fight fatigue and improves respiratory ailments.

Marjoram

This biennial aromatic plant loves dry and warm weather. However, it is a strong plant that has some resistance to cold. What it does not tolerate very well is direct sun, so it is important that you place it in a semi-shady corner. Do not go overboard with watering, as I said, dry environments are the favorites of marjoram and excess humidity is not good for it. Don’t water until you see that the substrate is dry. This plant grows very well in pots and is easy to multiply by cuttings. Apply worm castings or compost once a year.

In the kitchen we can use marjoram in the preparation of broths, stews and roasts. It also adds a delicious touch to sauces and even dressings for warm or cold dishes such as salads.

In popular medicine, marjoram is a medicinal plant appreciated for its sedative, digestive, diuretic, tonic and expectorant action. It is a natural remedy that helps us fight insomnia, anxiety,  migraine , asthma and colds.

Know the properties of medicinal plants

Savory

To grow this aromatic and medicinal plant you need to have it in a pot about 20 cm deep and at least wide. It is quite rustic, so it will hold up well even if you don’t have much gardening experience. You must prevent the soil in the pot from caking, aerate the substrate from time to time and avoid excess water in irrigations. Provides some organic matter in autumn. Savory likes the sun, place it in a corner where it can receive direct light. As it is an annual plant, you must extract the seeds and sow them each spring or multiply the plant with cuttings in spring or autumn.

In the kitchen, Savory is used mainly in dishes made with legumes, it looks great in pasta dishes and is an herb that you should include when preparing vinaigrettes because it is very aromatic. Its flavor may be reminiscent of thyme .

In popular medicine, this medicinal plant is applied in cases of fatigue and decay, it fights infections, fungi and is very effective in improving our defenses. It favors the elimination of mucus and is very interesting to improve colds.

Cumin

If you want to grow cumin plants at home, you need pots with a depth and width of 20 cm. As a substrate you can use black soil and add a light layer of worm castings or compost. Make sure it has good drainage because constant excess moisture can damage the roots. Watch the risks and do not go overboard with the water supply. The cumin plant loves the sun, so you should put it in a place where it can receive the light directly. This annual plant is able to withstand low temperatures, but it does not like the wind, so it is important that you do not have the plant in areas where there is current.

In the kitchen, cumin provides a very characteristic aroma that combines very well with legume dishes, especially with recipes made with chickpeas such as stew, sauces, roasts, etc.

Within popular medicine, cumin is a medicinal plant that is used to improve slow or heavy digestion, combat gas and flatulence, stimulate the secretion of breast milk and help relax muscles.

Dill

Dill plants require substrates rich in organic matter, you can enrich the soil with humus or compost once a year. Try to locate the dill plants in an area with a temperature between 18 and 35 ºC. It does not withstand low temperatures or strong winds very well. Avoid placing the plants in shady areas of the house, since the dill needs light, even if it does not receive direct light, it will be happy if you place it in a bright corner. Try not to water it too much, among the main causes why these plants die we find excess water in the irrigations.

In cooking, dill is used in a similar way to fennel . It goes very well in strong and main dishes, due to its aroma it is very pleasant in sauces and soups.

In popular medicine, dill is used for its action to improve digestion, it also has a sedative and relaxing effect, helps reduce hemorrhoids and prevent or fight infections.

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