Gardening

8 maintenance tasks for urban gardens in pots

Urban garden , home garden , potted garden , terrace garden … if at the time you dared to grow vegetables and / or aromatic plants in pots, you should know that potted gardens need maintenance work to develop correctly and give you good harvests .

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We also advise you which organic seeds to use , the best planters, growing boxes and tables for your garden and essential books to learn everything about organic gardening .

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We are going to know the most important tasks that you must carry out to maintain your ecological urban garden year after year in the best conditions.

8 maintenance tasks for the garden in pots

1. Land change

When we remove the annual plants it is important to empty the pots or containers, verify that there are no pests in case we have suffered any and discard the suspicious soil. Mix the “old” soil with compost or worm castings and organic soil to improve fertility. Then fill the pots again.

2. Fertilization and fertilization of plants

There are crops that are more demanding than others in terms of nutrient requirements, but in general, we must provide organic matter twice a year: preferably in late winter or early spring and again in autumn. For gardens in pots, worm humus and compost are mainly used, but we can also add extra fertilization with the irrigation water with homemade preparations that are very effective and easy to prepare. Read more here .

3. Put on or renew the padding

The mulch or padding helps us to keep the soil in the pots or growing tables with an optimal degree of humidity and favors the proliferation of beneficial microorganisms in the soil. It costs nothing to put it in urban gardens and has significant benefits. Read more about padding .

4. Control spontaneous plants

It is perfectly possible that uncultivated plants appear, also called adventitious. These plants do not have to be negative or be a threat to our garden in pots, but it is necessary that we be attentive to the spontaneous appearance of this type of plants because some can serve as a refuge for pest insects. In any case, we can remove them carefully and from the root.

Read more organic garden articles

urban garden pots 5. Follow the crop rotation

Crop rotation is very important to largely avoid pest proliferation and land depletion. What is crop rotation? Each season we are going to plant or sow a different plant (tuber and root, leaf, fruit and legume) right in the same pot or container. For example:

  • The first year you grow tomatoes (or another fruit plant), when the season is over and you remove the tomato plants, add compost, worm castings, etc.
  • The second year you grow carrots or onions (or other root or bulb plants).
  • The third year you plant lettuce or chard (or other green leafy vegetables).
  • The fourth year grows legumes (peas, beans, broad beans, etc.)

6. Keep containers and utensils in good condition

In urban gardens in pots, it is easy to keep the tools we use in good condition because they are few and small. Through pruning shears, shovels, rakes, etc. it is easy for us to spread pests and diseases from one plant to another. After each use, clean them with 70º or 96º alcohol. It is cheap and easy to get. Regarding the pots, the same: try to clean them with alcohol when you empty them to renew the soil, especially if you have had any plague or disease in your garden at home.

7. Pruning or pinching the plants

We can carry out small pruning or pinching of the plants to favor the development of the fruits. Leaving the main stem and several branches so that a symmetrical and well-proportioned plant remains. For example, in the case of tomato plants, it is interesting to remove the so-called “suckers” which are small twigs that usually appear under the secondary branches and that are consuming plant resources that could be used for the development of tomatoes. Here you can see it more clearly.

8. Tutored plants

In some horticultural plants it is very important to guide their growth through tutors that are nothing more than structures that support the plants so that they grow straight and do not deform, especially when the fruits begin to develop and they are heavy. We simply need reeds, sticks, etc. Simple ones that we place around the plant, or we can also make more complex trellises or stakes if we wish. Read more about tutoring .

 

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