Gardening

8 tips for a sustainable use of water in the garden and garden

The irrigation is one of the common and usual work in the garden and in the garden. Making a sustainable or sustainable use of water is very important in organic horticulture and gardening and for this you must learn to manage water in an efficient way and get more out of irrigation.

If at the time we already talked to you about xero-landscaping as a sustainable option when it comes to having a garden with low water requirements, in this article we want to give you more ideas so that you can have a vegetable garden or garden that does not waste one of the most natural resources. precious: fresh water.

In addition to knowing in this article how to save water in irrigation, I recommend that you read about the collection and storage of rainwater , you also find other very interesting readings in the organic farming section .

8 tips for a sustainable use of water in orchards and gardens

1.- Design your orchard or garden by gathering in groups the plants that have the same water requirements. This is one of the bases of xerogardening and thus we can make better use of the water. We can divide the orchard or garden into three areas according to the irrigation requirement: low needs area, medium needs area and another area in which we grow plants and trees with greater water needs.

2.- Choose varieties of plants, whether horticultural or ornamental, that require low water consumption and avoid or minimize the use of those that require greater irrigation. If you live in areas with little or moderate rainfall, you are looking for traditional and indigenous species that are already adapted and have low water requirements. Some of these species are even adapted to periods of drought, such as rosemary, lavender or lavender, sage or olive tree. On the other hand, it is advisable to avoid or reduce the cultivation of plants that require more water, such as grass.

3.- Use upholstery or creeping plants . The plants that cover or cover the ground help to reduce the loss of water by evaporation, maintain the humidity of the soil and also visually are very useful to create very beautiful green spaces both in orchards and gardens. As examples of upholstery plants we can name Roman chamomile, red clover, nasturtium or verbena.

4.- Know the type of cultivation soil. Depending on the type of soil in our garden or garden, it will be more likely to need more or less amount of irrigation water. There are soils that do not have the capacity to retain water (sandy), while other types of soils prevent or reduce water seepage (clayey).

5.- What is the best irrigation system? The most sustainable way to water our orchard or garden is through a drip irrigation system . It is especially suitable for areas or months of the year with high temperatures, since no water is lost by evaporation due to heat. It is the most sustainable way of using water both in the garden and in the garden.

6.- What is the best time to water? It is important to avoid watering during the hottest time of the day. The heat causes the water to evaporate and it is wasted. Preferably we will water at the end of the day, thus we will maximize the use of water and irrigation.

7.- Use in a strategic way the shaded areas and the windbreaks of our orchard or garden. Direct sun is one of the factors by which the soil can lose water. If we place the plants in shady or semi-shady areas, we will be reducing water loss. Another very common factor that increases soil moisture loss is wind. We can take advantage of windbreaks such as walls, fences, etc. to mitigate the action of the wind and we can also resort to other organic elements such as shrubs to achieve a garden or garden with low water consumption.

8.- Another very common practice in agroecology and permaculture is mulch. What is done is to cover the surface of the soil with natural materials such as pinnace, sawdust, tree bark, pruning remains, etc. with the aim of preventing water loss due to evaporation, improving soil fertility and humidity and controlling the appearance of unwanted or adventitious plants. Read more about padding .

 

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