Gardening

African plants you should know

There are many plants distributed throughout our planet and some of them are very curious and attractive like these African plants that I will share below. Get to know them!

We recommend you read:  Kalanchoe pinnata, an ornamental plant for medicinal use

Kalanchoe (Kalanchoe pinnata)

The Kalanchoe belongs to the crassulaceae family and is one of the most beautiful African plants on our planet. It is an erect, glabrous, branched crass plant with mottled stems that can reach 60 cm in height. Its leaves are fleshy, simple or trifoliolate, and are between 5 and 8 cm long while its flowers are tubular, pendulous, 3.5 to 4.5 cm long; they bloom in spring-summer.

The Kalanchoe is ideal for the garden , balcony and planter. It adapts very well and is very easy to grow as long as you provide it with loose, sandy soil, a sunny location, and a dry atmosphere.

This plant does not tolerate extreme frosts and its watering should be every 7-10 days in the summer; avoid waterlogging. Fertilize with 10-20 g of bone meal in spring and propagate by suckers that grow on the edge of the leaf. Fortunately, it is a plant resistant to parasitic causes .

Club moss (Selaginella kraussiana)

Image: Franco Giordana

The Clubmoss is a small prostrate plant , branching forming a tussock mantle, which belongs to the Selaginella family and has its origin in the Azores Islands, South Africa.

Its leaves are scaled, 1-2 mm long, light green in color, while its flowers are very small and are grouped in barely visible short spikes; they bloom in spring.

The Club moss is intended indoors ; since it does not tolerate temperatures below 10 ° C. Therefore, its adaptation is difficult. To grow Selaginella kraussiana you should use loose and fertile soil; a substrate with peat, river surf and black earth in equal parts. Also, you should place it in half shade and water it every 3 days in the summer.

Also, don’t forget to water regularly with an ammonium sulfate solution. Provide a humid atmosphere and propagate it by cutting or division of the bush in spring-summer.

Senecio bolita (Senecio herreianus)

It is a prostrate plant with fine, articulated stems that belongs to the Compositae family and is of South African origin. Its leaves are spherical, succulent, and can measure 6 to 7 millimeters in diameter, while its flowers are small, whitish and not very showy; they rarely bloom in summer.

On the other hand, it is a plant intended for indoors, although you should provide it with an illuminated position if possible with direct sunlight. Provide a sandy substrate, a shallow container, and an almost dry atmosphere.

Water sparingly, every 3 to 4 days during the growing season and fertilize with 3-5 grams of bone meal in spring. Senecio bolita is resistant to parasitic causes and tolerates up to 5-6 ° C. Finally, if you want to propagate it, do it by cutting in spring.

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