Gardening

Aglaonemas: [Cultivation, Irrigation, Care, Pests and Diseases]

First of all, Aglaonema is a genus made up of 21 species of plants in the Araceae family .

Some of the most cultivated species are A. commutatum Schott, A. crispum Nicolson and A. nitidum Kunth.

These plants come from southeast China and northwest India all the way to New Guinea. They were introduced to the West in the late 19th century and numerous hybrid species have since been cultivated .

The aglaonemas have gained popularity because of its ability to purify the air indoors and survive in low light. In some regions it is even believed that they are plants that attract good luck.

Important points when sowing an aglaonema:
  • Scientific name: Aglaonema commutatum.
  • Common name: Aglaonema, dollar, silver spear.
  • Height: 25 centimeters.
  • Need for light: Half shade.
  • Temperature: Hot and temperate climates.
  • Irrigation: Moderate.
  • Fertilizer : Organic fertilizer.

What characteristics does aglaonema have?

Better known as dollar, commutatum Aglaonema , it is a plant herbaceous perennial, slow growth, which reaches 5 to 6 produce new leaves a year. In small plants the stems are erect. In longer specimens, they become decumbent.

They get to measure between 20 and 100 centimeters in height. The leaves of the aglaonema are narrow sheets of green color, with white or gray details, elliptical or lanceolate in shape. They usually measure between 13 and 30 centimeters long and 4 to 10 centimeters wide.

Piston thread with colored leaves – Set of 3 different threads Deluxe plants – Aglaonema 12cm

The aglaonema has axillary inflorescences, also called spadices, from which a cream-colored fleshy axis sprouts which contains the male flowers at the top. In the remaining part are the female flowers which are surrounded by a large greenish leaf, called spathe.

It blooms during the months of June to September. This striking plant has small elliptical fruits that change from yellow to red as they reach maturity. Inside they contain only one seed .

When to sow the aglaonema?

The aglaonema can be grown in cutting during spring, when temperatures are around 21 ° C. This time is also appropriate for transplanting the largest specimens to suitable pots, depending on their size and growth.

Where to plant the aglaonema?

The optimum temperature for cultivating aglaonema is around 18ºC to 25ºC. It is also important to monitor that the relative humidity is at 75 or 80% to prevent some pests from spreading.

Aglaonema is known to have low tolerance to cold and icy winds. In fact, plant growth stops when the temperature is below 15ºC and begins to be affected below 10ºC.

The Aglaonema easily adapts to the light conditions. It can thrive in bright spaces, without direct sunlight and even in places with poor lighting. It is advisable to grow it outdoors in warm places and indoors in places with cold or temperate climates.

How to prepare the land?

The Aglaonema can be planted almost any soil with good drainage. However, it is best grown in porous, moist, well aerated, slightly acidic soils with a pH of 6 to 6.5.

Gardena 08950-20 Wide Scoop, Multicolor, 33.5 x 8.0 x 6.5 cm

Also, the soil can be improved in spring and summer with humus or any organic fertilizer or commercial fertilizers, according to the manufacturer’s recommendations. Fertilization should be done every 15 days, especially during the growing months.

Suinga 500 KG ORGANIC FERTILIZER WORM Humus, 25 Kg bags – 41 liters. Suitable for organic farming

How do we water aglaonema?

As aglaonema is native to humid climates, it is necessary to maintain moderate watering. It can increase a little during the growing season, in spring and summer , and increase during the dry season.

Botanicly houseplant – Aglaonema – Height: 25 cm – Aglaonema commutatum Maria Christina

It is important to avoid saturation and waterlogging of the substrate . It is preferable to wait for the soil to dry out a bit to carry out the next watering.

How often do we water the aglaonema?

The frequency of irrigation will depend on the time of year. During the summer it should be watered twice a week. However, watering should be reduced during the winter , moistening the substrate only once a week.

How to sow an aglaonema step by step?

The multiplication of the aglaonema occurs mainly by terminal cuttings, although «in vitro» cultures are also carried out to obtain better quality plants. The cultivation by seed is possible only when it comes to new hybridizations.

By cutting

This procedure should be done every 2 or 3 years, when the plant has dense foliage and cannot spread in the pot. It is important to wear gloves to avoid direct contact due to plant toxicity .

  1. Cut a stem that sprouts from the main trunk and has at least 3 leaves between 10 and 15 centimeters in length.
  2. Place the cutting in a container with water and wait a few weeks, until the root has reached 3 centimeters in length.
  3. In a pot, place clay or gravel at the bottom. Add universal substrate until ¾ of the remaining height of the pot is reached.
  4. Carefully place the cutting and fix it to the center of the area.
  5. Cover with a light layer of substrate, gently seat it with your fingers and water until the water runs out of the holes in the pot.
  6. Locate the pot out of direct sunlight and keep the soil slightly moist until new leaves begin to sprout.

What care does the aglaonema need?

Aglaonema contains calcium oxalate crystals , which can cause skin irritation and rashes. It is not recommended to grow it in homes with children or pets.

It is important to avoid over-watering the plant, as stagnant water can lead to root rot or cause leaf disease.

Keep aglaonema away from hot and cold breezes or drafts, whether they come from windows, heaters, or air conditioning.

What pests and diseases affect aglaonema?

Aglaonemas are affected by anthracnose , and by the fungi Myrothecium and Colletotrichium . You can also seriously suffer from the Erwinia bacteria (Erwinia carotovora and Erwinia chrysanthemi) and Pythium .

Batlle Phytosanitary Seeds – Aeorosol Insecticide, Pack of 1 x 500 ml

Among the pests that harm the plant are aphids, red spider (Tetranychidae) , cocoideos, white mealybugs (Pseudococcidae) , among others.

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