All about herbaceous plants

The herbaceous plants  commonly called herbs, are the most widespread type of species in the world. This is due to its capacity for growth and germination, as well as its great resistance and adaptability.

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What are herbaceous plants

A herbaceous plant  is distinguished by its form of development and life cycle. It is used in gardening, for its aesthetic value, as a covering plant to cover small parts or large plantations. Although there is a large number of wild and edible herbaceous species. Weeds are also found (so called not because they are bad, but because of their ability to spread easily). Many of them have medicinal properties, since they offer essential oils or infusions.


The defining characteristic of herbaceous plants is the absence of woody stems. The stems are soft, fleshy and green in color that are not able to stay on the ground when the leaves die, which does not allow them to reach large sizes. The leaves are flexible, soft and tender. Likewise, they have cellulose that gives them fragility and flexibility at the same time. Most have very bright and showy colored flowers and are grouped in the shape of spikes or clusters. But there are species that do not have a flower.

Depending on the species, reproduction will be asexual or sexual. They are pollinated by seeds that are dispersed by the wind or by insects.

The herbaceous plant  usually dies in the fall season, dropping the leaves. In the spring there is new growth, as the roots and stems begin to bud. Then the plant blooms again, producing flowers and great vegetation that will thrive in the summer before the plant dies again.

Types of herbaceous plants

Due to its extensive variety, there is a classification that encompasses herbaceous plant species according to their life cycles.

  • Annual
  • Biannuals
  • Lively
  • Perennial
  • Megaforbias

Annual herbaceous plants

The herbaceous plants annually also known as seasonal plants are those that meet the entire life cycle in one year. Which means that at this time they germinate, flourish, bear fruit and die, leaving the seeds for the new generation. Most of them are summer, which grow and bloom in the hottest time of year. But there are also the winter ones, which do it in the cold months.

Examples of annual herbaceous plants:

  • Calendula
  • Sunflower
  • Poppy
  • Petunia

Biannual herbaceous flat

The herbaceous plants Biannual are similar to the year, but its life cycle lasts two seasons instead of one year. These species germinate and grow during their first year of life. But by the second year they come to flower and bear fruit, dying later. These plants lose their aesthetic value in the second year, as the life cycle begins to end and the plant begins to lose vigor.

Examples of biennial herbaceous plants:

  • Wallflower
  • Linen
  • Evening primrose
  • Marine poppy
  • Lunaria annua

Vivacious herbaceous plants

The herbaceous perennials seem dry and die when the cold season comes. However, its roots survive and when spring comes they sprout once more, being reborn. They have bulbs or rhizomes that are found underground. They adapt and resist. They are plants that are used to having long life cycles.

Examples of perennial herbaceous plants:

  • Peony
  • Sea lavender
  • Heuchera
  • Astilbe
  • Lupine
  • Loosestrife

Perennial herbaceous plants

The herbaceous perennials are distinguished by having the ability to stay green almost all year. They keep the leaves and the stem that way, regardless of the season and also tend to have a significant life expectancy.

Examples of perennial herbaceous plants:

  • Carnation
  • Geranium
  • Gaura
  • Sansevieria
  • Love bond

Herbaceous plants megaforbias

The herbaceous plants horbia also called giant grasses, often have the same characteristics as other herbaceous, except the size. Megaforbias reach considerable sizes compared to the rest, in some cases reaching up to several meters in height.

Examples of herbaceous megaphorbias:

  • Palms
  • Banana trees
  • Bamboos


Despite being a group that has a large number of species, herbaceous plants require well-drained soil, so irrigation is necessary every 7 to 10 days. Also, it needs to get plenty of sunlight, but not directly, as the sun could severely burn them. They do not tolerate extreme temperatures.

They are generally pest resistant species, so they do not require extreme care. Herbaceous plants grow rapidly, producing seeds in a very short time. They adapt well to pruning and can be transplanted every two years.

What do you think of this information about herbaceous plants ? Now if you know more about it, do not hesitate to share it with us.

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