Gardening

Care and cultivation of Calathea makoyana

The Calathea makoyana is belonging to the family of marantáceas and is one of the most appreciated indoor plants for their showy foliage. It is a perennial herbaceous plant that in Brazil, its place of origin, can reach up to 1 m in height, while indoors it can reach up to 60 cm. Its leaves are elliptical or oval, straight and provided with a long red petiole, silvery-green on the upper face, dotted with a slightly darker green along the secondary veins and with some reddish marks on the lower face.

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Caring for Calathea makoyana

The Calathea makoyana develops very well a fertile , acid and light substrate , composed of two parts of river hangover, three parts of peat , three parts of black earth and two parts of sand. In terms of brightness, it requires moderate exposure, thus avoiding direct sunlight. The petioles of the leaves require a period of 12 hours to elongate that coincide with the darkness.

This plant does very well between 16 and 24 ° C and does not survive below 7 ° C. Water once in the spring with a solution of 0.5 g of ammonium sulfate in 1 liter of water, without wetting the foliage. Water every three to four days in the summer and once a week in the winter. Keep in mind that too wet substrate will damage the roots and will not form sprouts.

Cultivation of the Calathea makoyana

This plant lives for many years with simple but continuous care. Choose a healthy specimen of Calathea makoyana with intense coloring and no wilted leaves. Start growing in spring, dividing the roots and stems of the adult plant every four years to keep it vigorous.

Keep in mind that Calathea makoyana prefers a porous container and regular spraying to keep the leaves clean. On the other hand, it is susceptible to drafts and hot, dry weather, since it tends to develop spider mites.

Vertical luminosity can help form plants with large foliage and broad leaves. It can coexist in normal conditions with the peperomias, the philodendrons and the dracenas.

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Image courtesy of Excelsa Gardens , all rights reserved

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