Gardening

Chamomile, a perennial plant that has it all

Chamomile ( Chamaemelum nobile ) ( Matricaria chamomilla ) also called Chamomile . It is a medicinal plant native to the Mediterranean area that belongs to the botanical family of Asteraceae or Composites, which has spread throughout the world due to its properties and health benefits.

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Chamomile cultivation

Sowing should be at a depth of at least double or triple the size of the seed . It should not be buried in excess, since its germination is difficult. You just have to cover with a little soil, press lightly and water very carefully. After about 15 days the seedling will start to sprout. It is essential to keep the soil with a certain degree of humidity so that it can promote germination and growth.

Another way to start chamomile cultivation  is to buy the seedlings in their organic version and transplant them. This work will be much easier.

Chamomile grows very well in well-drained substrates that do not become caked. Although it is not necessary that it be rich in organic matter, just adding worm castings , or compost once a year will be more than enough.

If grown in pots, they should be 20-30 cm deep and leave a space of about 25 cm2.

As for the climate, it can be located outdoors on terraces or patios with a temperate climate. But in cold places, it is necessary to protect from frost and wind, so a greenhouse would be ideal.

It is a plant that prefers to be in full sun, since it loves light and, therefore, good lighting. Now that if it is not possible to locate it in a sunny place, it can also grow in semi-shade, although development will be slower.

Watering should be moderate, since this plant can withstand the lack of water than excess. You can opt for a drip irrigation system, or place some trays under the pots so that the plant can absorb the liquid it needs.

Among the most common pests that could attack this plant are thrips and aphids, especially in spring, summer and fall.

The harvest takes place when the chamomile begins to bloom. There it is necessary to cut the flowers, which is the part used to make infusions. Now that if it is to be stored, it is necessary to let it dry for a few days in a place with little light, dry and well ventilated.

To prepare treatments for the orchard, garden or green spaces, the plant must be cut to a height of 10 cm and allowed to sprout again.

Properties

Chamomile is a medicinal plant that was used in ancient cultures. So it is worth knowing its properties.

  • Astringent
  • Antispasmodic
  • Digestive
  • Antiseptic
  • Anti-inflammatory
  • Diuretic
  • Analgesic
  • Hepatoprotective
  • Antiulcer
  • Carminative
  • Antacid

Benefits

DigestionChamomile works excellently as an aid to difficult digestions and as a treatment for digestive system problems. These may include stomach pain, heavy digestion, gastritis, stomach ulcers, and heartburn.

Stress and insomnia . It is a plant that has natural sedative properties, which helps calm you to cope with tense situations. It is also excellent for falling asleep.

Control diabetes . The consumption of this herb helps to control the glycemic index, which means the amount of blood, improving the symptoms of diabetes disease.

Treats wounds and skin impurities . This plant helps the body’s immunity, it also protects cells from external damage. As if that were not enough, as it is composed of tannins and phenolics, it helps to slow down cell aging, promoting the production of collagen that helps in healing.

Relieves menstrual cramps . Being a plant with analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects, it helps to control the pains that are generated by menstruation.

As elaborated

This plant is usually taken as an infusion, but it can also be used topically.

As an infusion

To do this, you need to take a tablespoon of dried chamomile flowers and pour it over a cup of hot water. Cover and let stand for about 5 minutes. After time, strain and drink the infusion.

This infusion can also be used topically. Applying on the skin to clean and fight acne, as well as lighten the hair and even for hemorrhoids doing sitz baths.

As a garden treatment

The chamomile macerate is excellent for strengthening plants, as well as preventing and fighting fungal diseases. To do this, you would have to heat 5 liters of water and when it is boiling add 50 g of fresh chamomile. Cover and let stand for 8 hours. After the time has elapsed, strain and apply directly to the irrigation water or with a spray bottle on the aerial part of the plants in the late afternoon.

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