Gardening

Chamomile, properties and cultivation of this aromatic and medicinal plant

If yours are medicinal plants, in this post we are going to give you the most interesting and useful information about one of the most popular herbs: chamomile or chamomile.

In addition, I have prepared a video in which I summarize its properties and uses that you can see at the end of the article.

What is chamomile or chamomile?

Growing chamomile at home in pots or containers is a very rewarding activity and can be an excellent way to start when starting a garden or orchard, because chamomile is a rustic plant that does not require great knowledge or experience to be cultivated.

Chamomile or chamomile, Chamaemelum nobile and Matricaria chamomilla , is a medicinal plant whose use is widespread due to its properties and health benefits . What better way than to plant organic chamomile and have it always at hand?

Chamomile is a perennial herbaceous plant native to the Mediterranean area and belongs to the botanical family of Asteraceae or Composite , like Stevia , lettuce or calendula .

We also advise you which organic seeds to use , the best planters, growing boxes and tables for your garden and essential books to learn everything about organic gardening .

We are going to see what are the cares for the cultivation of chamomile and its most common uses in home remedies and for the orchard and garden.

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Chamomile cultivation

plant chamomile Sowing : to sow chamomile seeds, place them at a depth that is double or triple the seed itself. Do not bury the seeds deeper because otherwise germination is difficult. Cover with a little soil, press lightly and water carefully. In about 15 days or so the plants will start to sprout. It is important to keep the soil with a certain degree of humidity (without overdoing it) to promote germination and growth of the seedling.

Another way to start growing chamomile is to buy organic chamomile seedlings and transplant them. It is much faster and easier than sowing the seeds.

Substrate : Chamomile grows very well in well-draining substrates that do not become caked. The soil does not need to be especially rich in organic matter, and adding a little worm cast or compost once a year is sufficient.

Flowerpot or container : to grow chamomile, use flowerpots with a depth of between 20 and 30 cm. For each plant, leave a space of about 25 cm². .

Climate : it is a plant that we can place outside, such as on terraces and patios, perfectly in areas with temperate climates. In places with cold climates, you can protect yourself from frost and wind by putting the pots at home or in a small greenhouse.

Light : chamomile prefers to be in full sun. He likes light and it is preferable to reserve a space with good lighting for our chamomile. If it is not possible to place the plant in a sunny place, do not worry, it can also grow in semi-shade, although the development of the plant can be more moderate than being in full sun. .

Irrigation : it is preferable to water less than to spend with water. This aromatic plant can handle a lack of water better than an excess. You can opt for drip irrigation or simply put some trays or plates under the pot and pour water into them so that the plant itself absorbs the water it needs. When the water in the tray has run out, add it again when you notice that the soil in the pot is dry.

Pests and diseases : the most common are thrips and aphids , especially during spring, summer and fall. .

Harvest : when the plant begins to flower it is a good time to harvest. We will cut the flowers only, which is the part of the plant that is used to make infusions. If you want to store it, let it dry for a few days in a low-light, dry, and well-ventilated place. You can also use the fresh flowers.

To make slurry or other preparations for the orchard or garden, you can cut the chamomile to a height of 10 cm and let it sprout again.

More articles on growing aromatic and medicinal plants

Properties and uses of chamomile

Chamomile or chamomile is a medicinal plant that has been used traditionally in ancient cultures such as the Roman.

What is chamomile good for? This medicinal plant has action:

  • Antiseptic
  • Digestive
  • Painkiller
  • Anti-inflammatory
  • Hepatoprotective
  • Antiulcer
  • Diuretic
  • Antispasmodic
  • Carminative
  • Antacid
  • Astringent

Mainly, chamomile is taken orally, preparing it as an infusion, although it can also be used externally and locally by applying plasters or ointments.


chamomile infusion .

How to make chamomile tea

Take a teaspoon of dried chamomile flowers (or teaspoon and a half if you use the fresh flowers) and put them in a cup. Add very hot water, almost boiling, and cover the mug. Let it rest for 5 minutes and then strain it. Drink the infusion little by little as it cools down.

This infusion can also be used externally by applying it to the skin to, for example, clean it and fight acne, it can also be used to lighten the hair and even for hemorrhoids by doing sitz baths or applying it with gauze.

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Manure or chamomile macerate

If you have a vegetable garden or garden (either in pots or in the field), manure or chamomile mash comes in handy to strengthen plants and prevent and fight fungal diseases.

Heat 5 liters of water and when it is boiling add 50 grams of fresh chamomile. Cover and turn off the heat. Let it rest for 8 hours.

Then it is strained and applied directly as irrigation water and as a spray on the aerial part of the plants in the late afternoon.

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