Gardening

Characteristics and care of bermudagrass

Bermuda grass ( Cynodon dactylon ) also known as fine grass, Bermuda grass, grass, Bermuda grass , Bermuda grass, Partridge leg, Greña, Grass or Bermuda grass  . It belongs to the Poaceae family and is native to southern Europe and the East.

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Bermuda grass characteristics

Perennial plant with rhizomes and stolons, which forms an easy-maintenance lawn. It is about 30 cm tall, with a creeping bearing, but it behaves like carpet grass and sometimes invasive.

The stems are erect, glabrous, thin and slightly flattened. The root system is extensive and deep. The sheath-shaped leaves, linear-lanceolate, acuminate, pilots, of an intense green color, about 3 to 8 cm long and 1 to 3 cm wide.

The flower is small, purple in color, grouped in inflorescences made up of 3 to 5 spikelets. The fruit is a striated, glabrous, elliptical, cream or reddish-brown caryopsis. The seeds are tiny.

Bermuda grass care

It is a plant that requires sun and warm temperatures, since if the temperature drops to 10˚C its growth stops causing it to turn yellow. However, there are already cold-resistant varieties such as the Bermuda variety Cheyenne. You could mix Cynodon dactylonFestuca arundinacea, Rye Grasav or Agrotia stolonífera  to mask the effect and make it always green.

As for the soil, it adapts to the poorest soils and is highly tolerant of high salinity and low quality waters.

Irrigation should be abundant in warm seasons (from late spring and early fall), since drought stops its growth. Due to its high growth rate it implies a constant mowing. In addition, it is necessary to carry out frequent punctures and scarifications  .

It can be fertilized with a product rich in nitrogen to obtain a good quality lawn.

The pests that could damage the plant are ants , mites, worms, mealybugs, nematodes. While the diseases present are rust, blight, sclerotinia and pythium.

It is propagated by means of rhizomes, vegetative seed or by stolons.

Tips for having the greenest bermuda grass

Fertilizer

The easiest way to have a green lawn is to use fertilizers. There is a great variety, however urea is excellent as long as it is applied correctly, either alone or in combination.

fertilizer

The ideal is to pay in the cooler and moderate seasons, being in the middle of autumn so that it has strength and resistance.

Pruning

Don’t cut the grass too much. The secret lies in keeping it moist. So it is advisable to leave between 5 to 8 cm, especially in the summer. With this, you can ensure that the substrate remains protected from the sun and drying out.

Irrigation

As with most plants, you need to water the grass. It is better to water evenly a couple of hours once a week than to do it daily for just a few minutes.

Bad weed

Weeds appear in the heat and growth is encouraged by frequent watering. Removing weeds can be a daunting task, since while there are herbicides to kill weeds, they could also damage everything else. It is best to choose a product and follow the manufacturer’s instructions. Now that if the weed is little, you could remove it by hand from the roots without damaging the rest

Applications

It is used in the preparation of brushy meadows in warm regions, as a single species or in combination with other grasses. If it is grown alone, it presents the problem of its shaving in the winter. But it resists high temperatures very well.

It is used in public parks, private gardens and golf courses.

It is of poor quality as cattle pasture, but is planted on marginal, semi-arid or sandy grasslands to protect pastures from erosion. It can even serve to prevent the erosion of slopes and slopes.

Data

It is a grass that resists footfall very well and even recovers quickly from external aggressions in the growing season.

It tolerates temporary flood problems, which is why it is excellent in places where there is torrential rain.

It should be mentioned that expectorant, purifying, diuretic, febrifuge and emollient properties are attributed to it.

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