Characteristics and care of Pimpinella anisum

Pimpinella anisum is also known as Matalahuga, Green Anise, European Anise or Matalahuva . It belongs to the Umbelliferae family. It is native to the Middle East, where it grows wild. But its cultivation has spread in the warm countries of the Mediterranean.

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Characteristics of Pimpinella anisum

Annual plant with an erect, pubescent, rounded and striated stem that is born from a woody root. The leaves are petiolate, while the upper ones are lanced, linear and divided, while the lower ones are lobed and heart-shaped. The flowers are white, gathered in umbels, long pedunculated, with 5 petals. The fruits in diaquenios, aromatic and provided with 5 furrows.

Pimpinella anisum care

This species grows in warm and sunny places, so it should be provided an environment that has these parameters.

It prefers loosely packed, loose, sandy soils with a good amount of organic matter. Being the favorites, the calcareous or calcareous-siliceous soils.

Pruning should be done when the plant has reached about 20 cm in height. To do this, excess foliage will be removed so that it has good ventilation and prevent the development of fungi.

Compost should be done in the spring. This will be with manure in the preparation of the land using products rich in sulfur.

Irrigation should be moderate only if the climate is very hot, since it does not support flooding because it can be very harmful.

It is a species that can be attacked by pests and diseases such as pimpernel rust, Erysiphe martii, lepidoptera and aphids.

It can be multiplied by means of seeds in the spring. The seed is planted at a depth of between 1 to 4 cm. It blooms after about 3 months of germination and usually lasts 3 weeks. The plant is usually harvested when it has a dark-brown color before the fruits open.


It is used as a species for the preparation of desserts and dishes.

As a medicinal plant it has numerous applications for the digestive, nervous and respiratory systems.

The essence is extracted from its fruits, which is used in the pharmaceutical, cosmetics, liquor and perfume industries.

How about? a plant that is worth having in the garden. Also, thanks to its fame you can easily get it. Therefore, don’t wait any longer and start growing it, you will see that these desserts and stews will have a unique touch of flavor.

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