Gardening

Chlorella: properties, benefits and how to take this algae

You may have already heard about the properties of Chlorella. It is, along with Wheat Grass and the famous Spirulina , considered by many to be a super food.

In this article we give you all the current information available on Chlorella so that you know the most remarkable about its nutritional virtues, what it is good for, how it is taken and its possible contraindications.

Nowadays you can find a multitude of nutritional supplements, but if you want to take them with peace of mind, we only recommend the Bio Nutritional Supplements because they have organic certification, have passed more controls, have an assured quality and avoid exposing yourself to problems.

Do not miss the video that we have prepared for you with a summary of this post, it is at the end of the article.

What is Chlorella?

Chlorella is a unicellular microalgae of green color and spherical shape, with a diameter between 100 and 1000 times less than 1 millimeter and that contains chloroplasts, structures in charge of carrying out photosynthesis.

Algae, in general, live in both fresh and salt water, absorbing, transforming and concentrating elements such as vitamins, minerals and trace elements.

Of the more than 35,000 species of microalgae identified, about 50 are used in different applications in nutrition and cosmetics , in addition to industrial processes such as the production of biofuels, biofertilizers and remediation processes by detoxification of heavy metals.

Due to their nutritional properties , those of the genus Chlorella are used in the manufacture of nutritional supplements and cosmetic products against aging, as well as to stimulate the immune system. Make sure you choose Organic Chlorella to get all its benefits.

The Blue cosmetic , as known to the cosmetic treatment and prevention using both macroalgae and microalgae uses of the genus Chlorella particularly in anti – aging treatments .

In the field of food, Chlorella has been marketed for more than 60 years in Asian countries, being accepted as a dietetic-medicinal product and marketed in presentations such as tablets, capsules, tablets and powdered preparations.

On the other hand, Chlorella extract and other microalgae are also used in the preparation of yogurts, pasta, bread and beverages in different countries, considering them highly valuable additives for the preparation of functional foods.

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Chlorella nutritional value

It contains large amounts of protein (45% of the dry weight) that includes all the essential amino acids, fats (20%), carbohydrates (20%), fiber (5%) and a significant amount of vitamins and minerals (10%).

Chlorella stands out for its extraordinary chlorophyll content and the contribution of Vitamin A , Vitamin C , Vitamin D , and vitamins of group B such as: B1, B2, B6, B9 (folic acid) and active B12. The vegans and vegetarians should also be supplemented with B12 despite consuming Chlorella.

As for minerals, this microalgae provides us with iron , phosphorus , magnesium , potassium and zinc.

Therapeutic action of Chlorella

In addition to its nutritional value, several trials have shown that this algae modulates the mechanisms of the immune system and counteracts the growth of cancer cells.

Due to its digestive action it is used in the treatment of gastric ulcers and due to its cardioprotective action it is preventive against ailments as common today as arteriosclerosis and hypercholesterol, in addition to the control of hypertension .

The most important substance obtained from chlorella is β-1,3-glucan, an active immunostimulant that protects against free radicals that also reduces blood lipid levels (lipidemia).

chlorella uses

What is chlorella good for? Benefits of its consumption

Depending on the treatment given to the microalgae to obtain extracts, different benefits are distinguished:

Aqueous extract :

It is prepared from dry powdered biomass subjected to a heat treatment and centrifugation to eliminate cellular debris.

This extract has a higher protein concentration than carbohydrates, with a mixture of amino acids and minerals that give it valuable nutritional qualities.

Hydroalcoholic extract :

Used for the extraction of chlorophylls, obtained from wet or dry biomass in alcohol, subjected to stirring and then sterilized.

This extract is an active disinfectant and antiseptic, more affective than alcohol and as effective as phenol for coli and P. aeruginosa. However, it is inconvenient for some treatments due to its coloring action.

Protein hydrolyzate:

A 10% suspension of dry and depigmented biomass is prepared, subjected to enzymatic hydrolysis and stirring.

It is one of the most promising trends to increase its digestibility and to be used especially in cosmetology, biostimulant products and food additives.

Presentations powder, capsules and tablets of Chlorella extracts and developed with different compounds are used to treat anemia, overexertion and complement in vegetarian diets, due to the great contribution of proteins and essential amino acids.

For its part, chlorophyll has antiseptic and disinfectant properties, so the extracts are also used in the formulation of cosmetic products, from soaps and detergents, to anti-aging creams.

In turn, the extracts of the different species of the genus chlorella continue to be studied for their potential to:

  • The treatment of gastric ulcers and other disorders of the digestive system , thanks to its detoxifying action or detox .
  • As a cytoprotector, against toxins that cause oxidative stress and cell damage, causing various diseases.
  • As an anti-aging , thanks to its antioxidant action.
  • As an antiviral and antibacterial, in different applications, especially cosmetics.
  • And, for its immunogenic effects, enhancing the ability of the immune system to react against an antigen.

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How to take Chlorella

The easiest and most comfortable way to take Chlorella is in capsules.

Another common way of taking it is in pills or tablets and in powder diluting it in juices, vegetable milks, yogurts, etc. But since its flavor is very reminiscent of fish and can be strong for most of us, the most convenient thing to do is take chlorella in capsules .

Possible contraindications of Chlorella

Although there are no studies that directly link the ingestion of Chlorella with health risks, there have also been no trials in populations susceptible to different alterations, therefore, its use is not recommended during pregnancy and lactation, or in the elderly or immunosuppressed.

People with thyroid problems, as well as people under anticoagulant treatment, should consult with their doctor before consuming any product containing chlorella, paying special attention to the levels of iodine and chlorophyll in the product.

Side effects, especially in the initial process of treatment, can cause diarrhea, nausea, flatulence and stomach cramps. It is recommended to strictly follow the dose suggested by the doctor and the indications of the commercial presentation.

On the other hand, Chlorella can be exposed to contamination and bioaccumulation of toxins (such as arsenic, cadmium and zinc) depending on the form of cultivation, so it is important to know its origin and choose a Bio Chlorella , to avoid problems.

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Consulted bibliography

  • “Chlorella vulgaris”, (educational cards) Plan Ceibal Library (Uruguay).
  • “The use of algae in cosmetics”, Anna Viscasillas and Alfonso del Pozo. Practical Pharmacy, Permanent training in dermopharmacy. Vol. 24 No. 2. 2014.
  • “Study of essential and toxic elements in microalgae: use of Chorella sorokiniana in the preparation of functional foods”, Verónica Gómez Jacinto. Chemistry Department, University of Huelva. 2015.
  • Chlorella vulgaris as a Source of Essential Fatty Acids and Micronutrients: A Brief Commentary”, Hercules Rezende Freitas. Open Plant Science Journal, Vol. 10. 2017
  • “Microalgae: ecological and biotechnological aspects”, Liliana M. Gómez Luna. Cuban Journal of Chemistry. Vol. XIX N ° 2. 2007
  • “The administration of Chlorella vulgaris protects against nephrotoxicity caused by ICC 4 ”, María Tereza Valdez-Omaña, Octavio Gutiérrez-Flores, Nayelly Jiménez-Sánchez, Mayumi Romero-Valdéz, Alan Massé-Sánchez, Yvonne Tadeo-Jiménez, Edgar Morales -Ramos, Santos Baltazar-Salvador, Carlos Ángel Gallardo-Casas. Online Journal of Toxicology. 2003

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