Gardening

Coffee properties

Coffee with milk, espresso or black coffee, cappuccino or cappuccino in Italian, black coffee, cut coffee, American coffee, decaffeinated coffee, Irish coffee, iced coffee, chocolate coffee … we can drink it in many different ways and surely you have your favorite coffee.

In any case, always choose an organic or bio coffee , so that you can enjoy its organoleptic properties and its quality in each cup.

Coffee is one of the most widely consumed beverages in the world, along with water and tea . And although the most common time of day to drink coffee is in the morning, at breakfast, coffee is also drunk after the dessert of meals and throughout the day.

With spices such as cardamom and cinnamon , with milk and a vegetable drink, with stevia , we can accompany our coffee in many different ways.

We are going to know what coffee is good for and discover the benefits and properties of coffee, types of coffee, different types of roasting and other interesting facts such as the contraindications of coffee.

coffee plantWhat is coffee?

The coffee bean is obtained from the ripe fruit of the bush called coffee tree, which belongs to the botanical family of Rubiaceae.

At the time of harvest, green coffee is obtained, from which several outer layers are removed to obtain the coffee bean.

The coffee is originally from Ethiopia (Africa). In the 18th century it was already consumed throughout Europe, from where it was brought to America and its cultivation and consumption spread throughout the continent.

The quality of the coffee will depend on the variety, its cultivation, harvest, drying and roasting. The coffees from organic farming are of high quality, with excellent aroma and flavor and that is why we opted for them.

18 milk or vegetable drinks that you can make at home to add to your coffee

How do you get coffee?

Once the outer layers that cover the freshly harvested green coffee have been removed, it is dried by removing all the water from the bean and roasted at different temperatures, depending on the type of coffee that is going to be made.

During the process of obtaining coffee, the bean increases in size, turns brown and takes on a characteristic flavor and aroma.

coffee typesCoffee roasting can be carried out in 2 different ways and depending on this, two different types of coffee will be obtained:

  • Natural roast coffee: it is only roasted coffee, no other ingredient or product is added.
  • Roasted coffee: when sugar has been added to natural coffee during the roasting process. This nuance makes roasted coffee have a more intense flavor.

But also the degree of roast of the coffee will affect the taste of this drink. There are 4 different types of roasting the coffee bean depending on the temperature applied to them:

  • Light roast: light roast beans have a higher caffeine content than medium, medium-dark and dark roast. It has a more fruity aroma, flavor with soft fruity and herbal hints and a lighter brown tone, like cinnamon. These beans are roasted at a lower temperature than the rest, at around 100ºC.
  • Medium Roast – Tastes sweeter and less acidic than light roasted bean. It contains less caffeine content, while it is more aromatic.
  • Medium-dark roast: this type of bean has a more intense aroma and flavor, lacks acidity and has a darker brown tone.
  • Dark roast: the beans that receive this type of roast are the darkest and have a characteristic shine due to the oil they have on the surface. It has little caffeine content compared to beans that have been roasted in another way, and the taste is more bitter. They are roasted at a temperature slightly above 200ºC.

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Types or varieties of coffee

Of the 4 types of coffee in the world, there are two varieties that are mainly consumed:

Coffea arabica, the most used and of the best quality.

Coffea robusta, has more caffeine and a more bitter taste.

What is the one that you consume?

coffee properties

Nutritional value of coffee

Did you know that coffee has more than 1,000 components?

Well, some of these components are what give it that particular flavor and aroma, such as caffeic acid and polyphenols.

Another of the most significant components of coffee is caffeine. Many of the effects of coffee are due to caffeine, whose action is to stimulate the transmission of impulses between neurons. In the case of decaffeinated coffee, the caffeine has been withdrawn.

What are the advantages of drinking coffee? Coffee has action:

  • antioxidant
  • Stimulating the central nervous system
  • invigorating
  • vasoconstrictor
  • anti-migraine
  • hepatoprotective

100 ml of coffee has only 4 kilocalories (coffee alone, without milk, sugar or other sweeteners).

Of these 100 ml of coffee 0.8 ml are carbohydrates, 0.3 are protein, 0 ml of fat and the rest is water.

A 100 ml cup of coffee contains vitamins B3, B2 and B1. From the mineral content we highlight potassium, phosphorus, calcium, sodium and iron.

Coffee properties

We are going to know the properties of coffee

  1. what is coffee forCoffee polyphenols fight free radical damage and slow aging
  2. This drink can be a home remedy to eliminate migraine headaches. For more information on this issue that affects so many people, I recommend that you read my post 18 natural remedies for headaches .
  3. There are studies that associate the consumption of coffee with a protective action on the liver and the prevention of diseases of this organ such as cancer or cirrhosis.
  4. It has a mild effect as a diuretic.
  5. Coffee fights fatigue and tiredness
  6. Activates cognitive functions (learning, memory, attention, etc.)
  7. Another advantage of coffee for the body is that it could have a protective effect against Parkinson’s.
  8. Moderate coffee consumption is associated with a lower risk of type 2 diabetes
  9. The consumption of coffee seems to show a protective effect against eye diseases such as vision problems or blindness.
  10. Did you know that coffee consumption is associated with a lower risk of developing gallstones?
  11. Caffeine increases physical performance, and it may be interesting for people who exercise to drink coffee before playing sports.
  12. If you want a weight loss aid? Drinking coffee can help you lose weight, include one or two cups of coffee a day in your diet. Of course, take a break from drinking coffee some days because when the body gets used to caffeine this slimming effect of coffee is reduced.

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How to drink coffee

In the market we can find coffee beans and ground coffee.

If you buy coffee beans, you must grind them in a grinder before making the drink.

If you prefer to buy ground coffee, you just have to put it in the coffee maker, without grinding it.

There are different types of coffee makers:

  • Italian type coffee maker
  • traditional coffee maker
  • percolator
  • coffee infusion (in a saucepan or small pot)
  • capsule coffee maker

Enjoy your hot or cold coffee and take advantage of all the properties of coffee. In the latter case, ice is added and it is a very refreshing and stimulating drink to combat the heat.

Coffee contraindications

When you consume coffee regularly and for a long time, it is necessary to drink more to achieve the same effects because our body gets used to the action of caffeine.

A moderate consumption of coffee would be between 1 and two cups a day.

Pregnant and lactating women should limit (and better eliminate) coffee consumption.

Children should not drink coffee

People with anxiety or nervous disorders should eliminate or moderate their consumption.

In case of having high blood pressure (hypertension), coffee should be consumed in moderation and preferably drink decaffeinated coffee.

Excessive consumption of coffee can cause:

  • gastric disorders
  • tachycardias
  • insomnia
  • agitation

Did you know that you can take advantage of the coffee remains to fertilize your plants?

Well, do not throw them away, because you can use it to nourish both your indoor plants and if you have an ecological urban garden and grow tomatoes, lettuce, peppers, carrots, etc.

To use this homemade coffee fertilizer, you must allow the coffee remains to dry and then add a thin layer on the plant’s soil.

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