Gardening

Colorful plants that bloom in spring

If you want your patio to be full of life, then I leave you the care of two colorful plants that bloom in spring: azalea and primrose. Take note!

We recommend you read: The Azalea will provide your garden with an explosion of color

Azalea (Azalea indica)

The Azalea is a highly branched, persistent or semi-persistent foliage shrub 1.5 meters high, of Japanese origin and belonging to the Ericaceae family. Its leaves are simple, alternate, lanceolate, 3.5 centimeters long, dark green in the upper part and pubescent in the lower part.

Its flowers are 7 cm in diameter, solitary or grouped at the end of the ramifications, pink, white, purple or mottled. Its flowering time is in spring. Provide a fertile soil, deep and acidic reaction. Substrate with peat or leaf mulch with pine and black earth in equal parts. Minimum depth 20 cm. It does not support calcareous soils.

Also provide it with a bright place, avoiding direct sunlight at midday, a humid atmosphere and abundant watering every three days in spring and summer, every week in winter. Fertilize with 10 grams of complete fertilizer 15-15-15 per plant in autumn and spring and propagate by semi-herbaceous cutting in summer or air layering in winter. It is resistant to parasitic causes and also to cold, tolerates up to -3 ºC.

Renew the substrate every two to three years and cut off the flowering debris to facilitate the budding of the Azalea .

Spring (Primula polyantha)

Spring is a 25 cm high perennial herbaceous plant cultivated as an annual or biannual, of cultigenic origin and belonging to the Primulaceae family. Its leaves are simple, 20 cm long, with slightly depressed veins.

Its flowers are of varied color between white, yellow, pink and different shades of blue, violet or cream; 4.5 diameter gathered in groups at the end of erect stems. Its flowering time is in winter and spring.

Provide a substrate of peat, river surf and black earth in equal parts, and full luminosity, avoiding direct sunlight at noon. Fertilize with 10 g of bones per plant in autumn at the time of planting and propagate by division in late summer or seed in spring.

Primrose polyantha can be attacked by caterpillars in spring ; controls with phosphorous or permethrin-based oruguicides .

As a last tip, if you want to keep the primrose polyantha for many years , grow it in a shady place during the summer and cut the dried flowers periodically.

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