Gardening

Dill: how to grow this aromatic and medicinal plant

Dill , Anethum graveolens , an aromatic plant native to the Mediterranean basin. Not only can we take advantage of the excellent aromatic qualities of dill in cooking recipes, it is also a plant that we can include in homemade cosmetics and natural remedies for its medicinal properties beneficial to health.

Dill is an annual herbaceous plant that belongs to the Umbelliferae  botanical family that includes other medicinal and aromatic plants such as caraway , parsley , anise and coriander and horticultural plants such as celery , parsnip , fennel and carrot . When it blooms it has small yellow flowers that are grouped in umbels.

The care of dill is simple and you can surely maintain this culinary plant without many problems with the advice that we provide you in ECOagricultor so that you know everything about the care of dill .

We also advise you which organic seeds to use , the best planters, growing boxes and tables for your garden and essential books to learn everything about organic gardening .

How to grow dill

Sowing the dill

To improve and stimulate the germination of the seeds, try to keep them at a temperature between 16 and 20 ºC and from two weeks after sowing they will begin to sprout. You can sow directly or prepare seedbeds . If you live in an area with a temperate climate from March you can already sow directly and if it is a cold area, opt for a protected seedbed or you can even wait until April.

For other vegetables and aromatics you can check the sowing calendar here .

Dill transplant

If you have chosen to prepare dill seedlings or seedlings, when the seedlings have already taken 4 cotyledons you can transplant them to the pot or to the space in your orchard or garden where you want the dill plant to grow. Transplanting can be very simple, you just have to take into account some important steps to avoid damaging the seedling, I will tell you about them here .

Dill multiplication

The most common and simplest way to propagate this plant is through its seed. It is usually sown between March and April.

Substrate or soil for dill

It is a plant that can be spoiled if it has too much water, so you must make sure that the soil does not become caked, is spongy, drains well and expels excess water. Put in the pot a first layer with some stones (4 will be enough) and then add a layer of about 3 or 4 cm of sand and fill the rest of the pot with soil rich in organic matter or with a mixture of 1 part of worm humus with 5 parts of earth. The best pH for growing dill is between 5.5 and 6.5.

dill Weather

Dill is a plant that grows very well spontaneously in areas with warm to temperate climates. Protect the plant from cold and wind.

Light

You need sun exposure, preferably direct sun. Try to place your dill plant in a little corner where it can receive about 4 to 6 hours of sun and your dill plant will be happy.

Watering the dill

This aromatic prevents substrates with a certain degree of humidity. So that you don’t overdo the water, when you go to water, put your finger in the soil and if the notes dry, water the plant and try to keep the soil with a little constant humidity. During the flowering period we will have to water more.

Pests and diseases of dill

During the cultivation of dill , diseases caused by fungi and plague of snails and slugs or limacos can arise .

Dill harvest

From 8 to 10 weeks after sowing the dill plant, you can start harvesting. Cut the dill leaves carefully. If you are going to use them in home remedies to improve health, it is advisable to harvest the leaves during flowering, which is when the plant has the highest concentration of essential oil. We can also harvest the seeds and save them to sow the following year or use them in cooking recipes or home remedies. Before using dill seeds for home remedies or for cooking recipes, they should be brown.

Uses of dill in the kitchen

As a culinary and aromatic herb, we can use the leaves and seeds of dill in cooking recipes such as:

  • Sauces for all kinds of dishes: pasta, rice, vegetables, meat, fish, etc.
  • If you put some seeds or dill leaves in the oil can or in the cruet after a few days, the oil or vinegar will have the very pleasant aroma of dill and it is very good to dress warm and cold dishes such as salads.
  • Dill to flavor meat, fish and seafood.
  • Baked potatoes are very tasty with a little salt, pepper, extra virgin olive oil and dill.
  • Use dill in casseroles, stews, purees, and soups.
  • It is a plant that is usually included when making pickles and preserves.

Both in cooking and in home remedies you can use the dried or fresh leaves of dill, although in the case of cooking recipes, fresh dill is more aromatic.

Like the vast majority of culinary herbs, try to add the dill at the end of the recipe.

Read other articles about organic garden

Medicinal properties and uses of dill in home remedies

Dill is a plant with interesting medicinal qualities: antiseptic, carminative, digestive, stimulating, stomachic, tonic, diuretic, antispasmodic and sedative. As in the case of cooking recipes, we will use the seeds and leaves of dill for medicinal purposes when we make home remedies.

The seeds and leaves can be prepared as an infusion. To make a dill infusion we put a teaspoon of lightly crushed leaves or seeds and add very hot water. We cover the cup and let it rest for 4 minutes. Then we strain and drink little by little when it cools down.

Dill is a medicinal plant that has traditionally been used in infusion for cases of colic, poor digestion, gas, cough, bad breath (swish or rinse) and applying the infusion externally to clean cuts and wounds.

It is not recommended for use during pregnancy or in children under 2 years of age .

 

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