Easy way to propagate plants – part 2

Plant reproduction is one of the most common and rewarding tasks both in the vegetable garden and in the garden. You can propagate plants in many ways and in this article I will tell you how to do it.

Rose propagation through cuttings

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Multiplication of shrubs known for woody cuttings

  • Snowball (Vidurnum opolus)
  • Bridal Crown (Spiraea cantoniensis)
  • Deutzia (Deutzia gracilis, D. scabra)
  • Forsythia (Forsythia viridissima)
  • Wisteria (Wisteria sinensis)
  • Hibiscus (Hibiscus siriacus)
  • Lagerstroemia (Lagerstroemia indica)
  • Honeysuckle (lonicera semperflorens)
  • Philadelphus (Philadelphus coronarius)
  • Rose bush (Rosa sp)
  • Weigela (Weigela hortensis)

Cuttings of the evergreen coniferous species

Hardwood cuttings of these species root best; in some cases they take several months. These should be chosen when the plants are at rest, in late fall or early winter, after the first strong frosts. Cut the stakes of the terminal shoots, 10 to 15 cm long, and remove the leaves from the lower half; treatments with substances that activate rooting ensure the production of new plants more quickly.

Rooting the cuttings

It holds the stakes in place during this period by providing moisture and air at the base of the stakes. The medium used affects the roots that are formed; in some species the sand generates long, unbranched and weak roots. With a mixture of peat and perlite in equal parts, two parts of peat and one of sand, effective root development is achieved.

Planting cuttings or conifers

The rooting medium placed in trays or containers 10 cm deep is watered. Stakes with hormones glued to their base are inserted at a distance of 6 cm so that the foliage has enough air and light. They are watered to settle the medium and fix the stakes. Foliage perspiration wilt should be avoided by covering the cuttings with a transparent plastic film. The stakes will have to remain in a bright place but avoiding direct sunlight. They multiply easily:

  • Chamaecyparis (Chamaecyparis lawsoniana)
  • January (Juniperus chinenis, J. squamata)
  • Thuja (Thuja orientalis, T. occidentalis)
  • Libocedro (Libocedrus decurrens)
  • Cypress (Cupressus macrocarpa)
  • Yew (Taxus baccata)
  • Fir (Abies) and pine (Pinus sp) cuttings are difficult to root.

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