Gardening

Gardening

Gardening

Gardening is the art that deals with the care and cultivation of plants in outdoor and indoor spaces, public or private. It is no coincidence that, rather than technique, we prefer to define it as an art, a practice dictated by passion and love for nature, which allows you to recreate, a few steps from home, natural environments rich in aesthetic charm and unspeakable suggestions. All the techniques that include the cultivation of plants, their planting, their maintenance, fully fall within the definition of «gardening», which also includes other activities, namely the choice of the shape of the garden, balcony or terrace , its furniture and the philosophy to which it intends to be inspired. In common parlance, gardening is also called «green culture»,

Where to practice it


Gardening, that is the method of care and cultivation of plants, can be practiced on private open spaces, such as the terrace or balcony, on outdoor green spaces adjacent to the house and notoriously known as gardens, indoors, or in nurseries, where special gardening courses are organized. The cultivation and maintenance of plants can be done as a hobby and for work. In this case it will be possible to practice gardening on behalf of third parties (companies, individuals, public bodies) holding the qualification of gardener. If the cultivation of plants is carried out on arable fields and on a large scale, for production purposes, then we speak of real agriculture. However, relegating gardening to mere cultivation techniques seems strongly reductive, because this «practice» is essentially made up of love and passion that are intertwined with taste, aesthetics and design. It is no coincidence that the construction and design of a garden are often entrusted to specialized designers who will take care of integrating the cultivated plants in an environment specially created ad hoc, in which fixed and mobile elements (furnishings, fountains, swimming pools) blend perfectly with the colors and shapes of plants and cultivated shrubs.

Plants for gardening


As already mentioned, gardening can be practiced in the garden itself, in the apartment, on the balcony or on a more or less large terrace. Each of these spaces is suitable for growing specific plant species. Herbaceous ones, for example, are suitable for creating lawns or lawns in the garden, while flowering plants can be used to color flower beds or to create splendid floral collections in pots, on terraces and balconies. Small spaces, such as those just indicated, can also be used to host aromatic plants, which with their scent and the intense green color of the leaves greatly contribute to expressing that «culture of green» typical of gardening. In interior spaces, however, it is preferable to grow plants that resist closed environments. Among the flowering species, roses certainly represent the «queens» of the garden and gardening. Present in nature both spontaneously and hybrid, roses adapt to the creation of splendid roses capable of giving a touch of class even to the simplest and most innocent garden that exists. The climbing species (and not just roses) can be used to decorate balconies, walls and fences, to obtain not only a pleasant aesthetic effect, but also cover for privacy reasons and shelter from heat and sunlight. Gardening also includes the cultivation and care of fruit trees, species preferably grown in the garden for purely ornamental purposes. In gardens, even small ones, there is never a shortage of fruit trees. The choice of the species to grow will depend on the geographical area in which the garden stands. In the gardens of Southern Italy, for example, the lemon tree is never missing, a shrub that represents the maximum expression of southern gardening. In the northern gardens, however, you can find peach trees. In short, each cultivated plant represents a clear distinctive sign of the area and of the culture in which it is cared for and kept. If the climate and space allow it, some plant species can further enrich the aesthetic performance of a garden. We are talking about aquatic plants, which like all the others, have characteristics that must be properly understood to implement the most suitable cultivation and care techniques for these particular varieties. find peach trees. In short, each cultivated plant represents a clear distinctive sign of the area and of the culture in which it is cared for and kept. If the climate and space allow it, some plant species can further enrich the aesthetic performance of a garden. We are talking about aquatic plants, which like all the others, have characteristics that must be properly understood to implement the most suitable cultivation and care techniques for these particular varieties. find peach trees. In short, each cultivated plant represents a clear distinctive sign of the area and of the culture in which it is cared for and kept. If the climate and space allow it, some plant species can further enrich the aesthetic performance of a garden. We are talking about aquatic plants, which like all the others, have characteristics that must be properly understood to implement the cultivation and care techniques most suitable for these particular varieties.

History of gardening


Like all human arts, gardening also has its own history dating back to prehistoric times. The first signs of the birth of monumental gardens can be found in the wall paintings of ancient Egypt, dating back to 1500 BC. These images depict gardens with ponds and aquatic plants, surrounded by palms and acacia trees. The art of gardening is also recognized and appreciated by the ancient Persians and in Babylon, where the hanging gardens spread. The importance of the monumental gardens was remarkable in ancient times, so much so that these green spaces were called «the gardens of paradise» or «the seven wonders of the world». In Greece, around 350 BC, the custom of creating gardens within the private residences of the notables of the time spread. Iconographic evidence gives traces of magnificent gardens also in Pompeii and in ancient Rome. The signs of these gardens can still be appreciated today. One of these can be admired in Villa Adriana, in Tivoli. Gardening is not just a prerogative of the Western world and ancient European or African civilizations. In fact, around the sixth century AD, a tradition parallel to the European one developed, which originated in China and spread to Japan. In these countries the culture of the Zen garden was born. The oriental garden completely revolutionizes the concept of gardening by combining it with that of harmony and reconciliation with nature, in contrast with the artificial order and perfection expressed by the gardens of the West. Gardening, as an expression of pomp and power, it imposes itself in the middle of the Renaissance period and continues until the 19th century, with famous gardens belonging to the great capitals of France, Italy and Great Britain. The English or Italian style of the garden will start from these countries. The twentieth and twenty-first centuries, on the other hand, mark the birth of gardening integrated with urban planning, in which every green project is contextualized with the life of the cities with a view to a healthy and eco-sustainable lifestyle. In this context it could be said that modern gardening is a little more minimalist than that of antiquity. In a way it is, even if the concept of style and aesthetics are almost never neglected. The English or Italian style of the garden will start from these countries. The twentieth and twenty-first centuries, on the other hand, mark the birth of gardening integrated with urban planning, in which every green project is contextualized with the life of the cities with a view to a healthy and eco-sustainable lifestyle. In this context it could be said that modern gardening is a little more minimalist than that of antiquity. In a way it is, even if the concept of style and aesthetics are almost never neglected. The English or Italian style of the garden will start from these countries. The twentieth and twenty-first centuries, on the other hand, mark the birth of gardening integrated with urban planning, in which every green project is contextualized with the life of the cities with a view to a healthy and eco-sustainable lifestyle. In this context it could be said that modern gardening is a little more minimalist than that of antiquity. In a way it is, even if the concept of style and aesthetics are almost never neglected. In this context it could be said that modern gardening is a little more minimalist than that of antiquity. In a way it is, even if the concept of style and aesthetics are almost never neglected. In this context it could be said that modern gardening is a little more minimalist than that of antiquity. In a way it is, even if the concept of style and aesthetics are almost never neglected.

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