Gardening work

Garden work in the spring

Spring is the period in which the plants begin to awaken from the long winter vegetative rest. It’s time to start preparing the soil with a good clean by removing weeds, dry foliage, dead plants and mulch residues to prevent the spread of diseases and pests that survived the winter under the previous year’s foliage. The bushes and shrubs must be pruned from dry or damaged branches paying particular attention to the foliage, if it is affected by fungal diseases, the branches on the ground must also be removed to prevent the propagation of the spores. After cleaning it is time to fertilize with mature manure, earthworm humus or slow release granular fertilizer, moving the soil to make it airy and soft with a light hoeing to favor the growth of new vegetation. In the garden, weeds and winter plants must be removed at the end of production, except for the late varieties, and you can proceed with the digging, fertilization and sowing and planting of the new plants. If the climate is dry or with little rainfall it will be necessary to water.

Garden work in the summer

In the summer, gardening work focuses on watering, pruning plants and shrubs and controlling insects. It will be necessary to water the lawn abundantly at least every two days and mow it with the blades set high in case of prolonged drought. Although it is common practice, watering the garden in the evening can cause fungal infections to spread. The ideal is to prepare a drip irrigation system to avoid waste. Roses, hedges and shrubs must be cleaned of withered flowers and dry branches and fertilized with nitrogen fertilizers, better still use peat which limits the proliferation of weeds and keeps the soil moist. Keeping weeds under control is the most difficult but necessary task to prevent the seeds from being spread throughout the garden, ready to infest it in the following spring. After the rain, the soil is softer and it will be easier to extract the roots. In summer, whiteflies and aphids multiply and it is advisable to intervene promptly with products where possible with low environmental impact.

Garden work in the fall

The gardening work in autumn includes the latest phytosanitary treatments and the elimination of weeds; if the temperatures are still mild it may be necessary to water in case of prolonged absence of rain. With the arrival of the first cold weather it is better to protect the plants from sudden drops in temperature at night by mulching the soil, with straw or bark, covering the flower beds and crops in the garden with the appropriate bio-fabric sheets. The soil can be prepared by digging and milling for sowing and autumn transplants, fertilizing with compost or other fertilizers with a prevalence of potassium and slow-release nitrogen. The lawn will be regularly cleaned with the raking of fallen leaves, the autumn is also the best time to sow or regenerate it and you can start pruning bushes and shrubs. In this period and until the first frosts it is still possible to plant perennials and flower bulbs, as well as planting roses and shrubs. Early varieties of different types of vegetables can be sown in the garden.

Garden work: Garden work in the winter

Depending on our climatic zone, gardening work in winter is dedicated to protecting plants from frost, the most sensitive ones will be covered and it will be necessary to move the potted plants that are still outside to shelter. in a mild climate area it is still possible to plant roses and other late flowering shrubs. Grafted roses must be protected from frost with mulching. The lawn in winter is at rest, but must be kept clean of fallen leaves with a rake to avoid the formation of mold and fungi. In case of frosts it will be good to avoid stepping on it. Evergreen hedges, if the season is not particularly rainy, will need some watering.

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