Gardening

Green Tea Plant: [Cultivation, Irrigation, Substrate, Pests and Diseases]

Green tea is a plant species of oriental origin but it has become popular in its production and consumption throughout the world thanks to the benefits it provides.

Its flavor, after preparation, is smooth and pleasant to the palate , thus increasing the level of preference that people have for it.

Its cultivation can be carried out in many areas , since good results have been obtained even in India.

Of course, it is necessary that the green tea plant has the most optimal conditions for its development and that is precisely what we will talk about today.

If you are interested in enjoying this plant in your garden, join us

 

Important points when sowing the green tea plant
  • When? In spring .
  • Where? In full sunlight or in semi-shade.
  • How do we prepare the land? With abundant organic matter. Soils with neutral pH, tending to acid.
  • How should we water? By dripping .
  • How often do you have to water? Almost daily, checking that the environment is always humid but not flooded.
  • What pests and diseases does it have? The most common pests are spider mites and thrips. As for diseases, anthracnose .

 

Characteristics of the green tea plant

Camellia sinensis is a species of evergreen shrub or small tree in the family of flowering plants, Theaceae, whose leaves and buds are used to produce tea. Common names include «tea plant,» «tea bush,» and «tea tree» (not to be confused with Melaleuca alternifolia , the source of tea tree oil, or Leptospermum scoparium, the New Zealand tea tree ).

Camellia sinensis, var. sinensis and Camellia s. var. assamica are two of the main varieties grown today.

White tea, yellow tea, green tea, oolong, dark tea (which includes pu-erh tea), and black tea are harvested from one to the other, but are processed differently to achieve different levels of oxidation . Kukicha (twig tea) is also harvested from Camellia sinensis, but uses twigs and stems instead of leaves.

When to sow the green tea plant?

Preferably during the spring.

The green tea plant is grown mainly in tropical and subtropical climates, in areas with at least 127 cm of rainfall per year.

Tea plants prefer a rich, moist growing spot in full or partially sunny sunshine.

However, the clonal is cultivated commercially from the equator to northern Cornwall and Scotland on the mainland of the United Kingdom.

Many high-quality teas are grown at high altitudes, up to 1,500 m (4,900 ft), as the plants grow more slowly and take on more flavor.

Tea plants will grow into a tree if not pruned and in the right conditions, but crops of these plants are pruned down to waist height for easy harvesting.

Two main varieties are used, the Chinese small-leaved plant (C. s. Sinensis) and the large-leaved Assamica plant (C. s. Assamica), used mainly for black tea.

 

Where to plant a green tea plant?

The green tea plant needs to thrive in sufficient sunlight each day.

Hence, a space in full light or, at least, in semi-shade is recommended .

As for the temperature of the environment, the most appropriate thing is to ensure that it oscillates between 14 and 27º C , so that it is as comfortable as possible.

How to prepare the land?

For the green tea plant to achieve optimal growth and proper flowering, the land where it will be planted must be rich in organic matter.

This can be achieved by fertilizing the soil with organic fertilizers and ensuring that the soil is of good quality.

It is important to verify that the earth is capable of properly draining the water , since green tea does not tolerate puddles, neither by irrigation nor by rain.

As for the pH, it is best to prefer those that go from neutral to acidic , avoiding in all possible ways that they are alkaline.

 

How do we water?

In abundance, preferably using the drip technique to keep proper flow control and avoid waterlogging.

You can also opt for irrigation systems such as capillarity.

How often do we water the green tea plant?

Almost daily .

Being a plant that develops with high contact with sunlight, it tends to lose moisture from the earth quickly.

Around this, it is important to note that the green tea plant will not develop in a dry environment, so the environment must be kept humid.

Even on summer days, when the temperature is higher, it is important to increase the frequency of watering.

On the other hand, in the flowering season it is also advisable to increase the frequency of watering.

 

How to sow the green tea plant step by step?

The green tea plant can be obtained already developed in nurseries and thus accelerates its growth process.

In this case, it is important that the plant has a rather small size to ensure a better environment when it develops its roots.

However, we can do the whole process without problems from home, with the use of some good quality seeds .

  1. Select the seeds that will be used to plant the green tea plant.
  2. Soak the seeds in running water for 24 hours to hydrate them sufficiently.
  3. Prepare some seedbeds with good quality soil and place the seeds in them. The green tea plant takes up to 3 months to germinate, so work with patience.
  4. After they start to sprout, move them to an appropriately sized pot so they can grow comfortably.
  5. When the plant has reached about 25 centimeters in height, the appropriate time arrives to extract it and plant it in its final place.
  6. Cut a hole that is of an appropriate depth for the root ball to sit comfortably. You should also make sure that it is wide enough so as not to cause damage to the root structure.
  7. Introduce the root ball and cover the surroundings with the planting soil, pressing gently to eliminate the air pockets that are generated.
  8. Water abundantly so that the soil compacts.
  9. Add a layer of mulch around the base of the plant so that there is enough moisture and maintains the correct temperature.

If you are going to plant more than one green tea plant, you need to give it enough space so that its root system is not pressured.

To do this, make sure that there is a minimum separation of 25 centimeters between one plant and another.

 

What care does the green tea plant need?

One of the most important care to have a beautiful and healthy plant is pruning.

This can be applied at least once a year to ensure that it grows with a correct shape and is thus able to generate a better flowering.

Fertilizations will also be necessary to promote the plant to grow at a good rate, these will be applied during the summer every two months.

The harvest: How is it carried out?

Harvesting camellia sinensis must be done by hand, as only the upper leaves need to be plucked.

During harvesting (the tea industry’s term for harvesting) look for young leaves on top of the plant, particularly those with tips, or small, partially formed leaves.

Pluck a cluster, or «blush» of leaves, being careful to include a small portion of the stem containing two to five leaves and the tip.

A flush of only two or three leaves is known as a gold flush. On rare occasions, the twigs and flowers of the plant are also used. Plants are normally kept without flowering to divert their energy to the leaves. However, some farmers prefer the pretty white flowers that bloom during the fall .

The tea is harvested during the warmer months, when the plant is growing strongly. In northern climates, this results in a window of only four months. However, in tropical regions , growers can have up to eight months of regular harvests.

 

What pests and diseases affect you?

The green tea plant must be very well watched because it is quite prone to attack by different types of pests.

Among these possibilities we find mites, thrips and even termites.

A correct daily assessment of the state of the plant and its leaves will allow us to advance with an early diagnosis and act accordingly.

A similar case occurs with diseases that are also the order of the day, with anthracnose and root rot among the alternatives.

To attack diseases, the most appropriate process is to assess the symptoms and, based on them, carry out the most pertinent treatment.

Of the rest, you will only have to enjoy a plant that is very beautiful at an ornamental level due to the light green color of its leaves and that is so beneficial for human consumption.

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