Gardening

Grow Arugula step by step: sowing, watering, harvesting and others

Hello to all gardeners! In today’s article we will learn how to grow arugula in our organic gardens. We will see how to prepare the ground, when to sow, what care it needs and, finally, when to harvest. Can arugula be associated with any other crop? Throughout the article we will find out.

CHARACTERISTICS OF ARGULA

Arugula, also known as dandelion, caterpillar or arugula, is an annual herb native to Mediterranean Europe and Western Asia. Its scientific name Eruca vesicaria cavanilles belongs to the cruciferous family and is also cultivated in North America as well as in North Africa.

It is an easily cultivable annual plant that resists different environments well. It has nutritional properties of great interest, facilitating the purification of the body and fighting constipation. Among other benefits we also find the high presence of antioxidants, vitamin C, A, K and other compounds such as zeaxanthin and lutein.

This fact, together with its culinary properties, has made arugula one of the leafy vegetables that generates the most attention.

STEPS TO FOLLOW TO CULTIVATE ARGULA IN THE GARDEN

1. PREPARATION OF THE GROUND

It is a very flexible species when it comes to soil types. It is advisable, however, to add decomposed organic matter to the soil to enrich it. This land must be humid and well drained. It grows well on calcareous soils.

2. SOWING

Arugula can be grown for much of the year as it is resistant to high and low temperatures.

The seeds should be spread about 20 cm apart at the sowing points in the rows. For this we will sow several seeds and as they germinate after 10-14 days the weakest shoots will be lost. The sowing depth will be around half a centimeter. One of the advantages of this crop is that we will not have to transplant it as it can be sown directly on the final land.

3. CARE THAT WE MUST TAKE INTO ACCOUNT

Due to the rapid growth of this plant there is a risk that it will invade the rest of the garden, so it will be important to control its growth by also doing regular weed cleaning and aerating the ground.

The ideal, as we have already said, is to grow in areas with hot climates, but its resistance allows it to withstand temperatures down to -10ºC.

An interesting factor when growing arugula is to control the time of flowering, since when it takes place the leaves of our plants will take on a more bitter taste.

In relation to light levels, arugula grows better in semi-shady areas than in direct sunlight, which also reduces the volume of water used in irrigation.

4. IRRIGATION AND TREATMENTS

Like other classic crops in our garden, the arugula requires constant humidity, which is why the use of drip irrigation systems is recommended that will provide our plants with an adequate and regular humidity level.

5. HARVEST

The rapid growth of the arugula allows the first leaves to be harvested a month and a half after sowing. Normally this moment coincides with the equator of summer when the sowing has been carried out in spring.

To collect the leaves, the cut must be made just at the base of the plant before the moment of flowering to maintain the organoleptic properties. The younger the leaves, the less bitterness we will find.

PESTS AND DISEASES OF ARGULA

The arugula is sometimes attacked by fungi that cause diseases such as powdery mildew or rust that attack the stems and leaves respectively. Likewise, like many other species, it suffers from the attack of aphids or snails when there is excess humidity.

CAN ARGULA BE ASSOCIATED WITH OTHER CROPS?

Arugula is a plant that is usually sown with other vegetables such as tomatoes, carrots , onions, lettuce or peppers, while its association with cabbage or turnips and other vegetables of the cruciferous family is avoided.

As in other species, if we let a plant develop we can obtain flower clusters that will provide us with seeds to re-sow whenever we want.

I leave you a link where you can learn to cook with arugula .

This is all for today, I hope you liked the article and that you are starting to grow arugula in your gardens. You can tell us about your experiences in the comments. See you in the next article!

Have a nice day!

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