Hands on the ground – let’s plant!

If you recently embraced a gardening project, you have probably already studied the location, as well as the amount of sunlight and shade that your future garden will receive. Due to all this, you have already chosen the flowers, plants or vegetables that you want to see bloom as soon as possible … now all that remains is to plant, so roll up your sleeves and hands to the ground!

Prepare the soil

  • If you have not yet prepared the soil to receive your plants, do it now! Have your land analyzed or do it yourself with one of the many kits that exist for that purpose. A soil can be acidic, alkaline or neutral and, once this is discovered, it is necessary to acquire a fertilizer that is suitable for this type of soil.
  • The ideal soil should have a good layer of organic matter, that is, it should be rich in humus (a dark substance composed of dry leaves, dead plants and animals), followed by loose, clayey soil, which allows for good drainage and oxygenation.
  • If your soil is sandy, you will have difficulty absorbing water and other nutritious substances, which means that it will have to be enriched with humus or clay. If applicable, use a balanced mixture of black soil and fertilized with 50% clay or clay soil. If, on the other hand, your land is clay, you will have to add river sand, never beach sand.

Shovel in hand

  • Using a shovel (large or small, depending on the space you are going to garden) or even with your hands, start by turning the soil (about 20 to 30 cm deep), breaking the existing pieces of soil and removing roots, branches , leaves or other buried objects that do not belong to your new garden!
  • If you are going to include a compost or fertilizer, add it to the top of the soil, creating a 10 to 12 cm layer that will spread throughout the garden area with the help of a rake. Let the soil cool and get used to your new mix before planting.

Plant, plant, plant!

  • If you are going to plant seeds, it is important to dig small rows parallel to each other, but with a minimum space of 90 cm between each row. Creating the ideal space for a free and tight growth of your flowers is something you have to consider at this stage.
  • When in doubt, give more space, so that once flowered, you will not have all the plants and flowers on top of each other.
  • The advantage of planting seeds is that, as a rule, the packages bring all the necessary instructions: the best time to sow, at what depth and with what spacing. Most require a depth of about 4 cm.
  • Once the seeds are in place, they must be covered, but do not tame, too much or too little, the earth around you. Just make sure it is firm and not too tight. To ensure that the seed “catches”, that is, that it creates roots and sprouts, the soil must be kept moist.
  • If you chose to plant cuttings, remove the container or packaging in which it is found and tuck it in small pits dug in the earth. Make sure your foot is level with or slightly below the surrounding soil and support the plant with enough soil to keep it firmly upright. There will be cases in which you will have to remove excess leaves or branches, do not feel sorry to do so, as this way, the roots will have to support less weight and will “catch” easier and more quickly.

Daily care

  • With your seeds and flowers comfortably planted in the new garden, water them lightly and frequently over the next few weeks, a stage that requires that the soil is always moist. When the plants show signs of strength and the seeds have already shown signs of life, reduce the frequency of watering, to the detriment of water with depth. The next concern is to ensure that the quantity of water reaches the roots. The roots must continue to develop in depth, to support the plant which, from now on (and if all goes well!) Will not stop growing, which implies that it will need all possible support at its base .
  • In the first years of life, keep an eye on the health of your new plants and if you see yellow spots on the leaves, you may have to add a little more fertilizer to the soil.
  • As far as possible, keep your garden soil clean and free of weeds. Watch out for predators – from insects, caterpillars and rodents – that can damage your green space in the blink of an eye. If you have to use a pesticide, always opt for the least toxic solutions and follow their instructions to the letter!
  • Finally, don’t forget to enjoy the garden that you created and that is helping to grow… don’t see it as a tedious task, but rather a fun and relaxing hobby . Give yourself to the pleasure of gardening!

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