How to Build an Aromatic Garden

Grown for cooking, medicinal purposes or simply because they are beautiful and smell good, aromatic herbs are very varied in appearance and aroma. In this article we will learn how to build an aromatic garden and get to know all the aspects that interfere with this task.

An aromatic garden directly on the ground

Building an aromatic garden is simple and for that it is enough to have a plot of land with good exposure to the sun.

  • If possible, make sure that the land for aromatic herbs is close to home, as this will make it easier to harvest and transport.
  • You can organize circular, spiral, spiral or square beds and if you want to mark them, choose small separator plates.
  • If you prefer, you can also let your aromatic herb garden grow free and without boundaries, but it is advisable that you find a way to identify the different herbs, so that it is easier to recognize each one after they are grown.
  • Always group similar herbs together and try to leave a free space between each herb species.

How to enhance the characteristics of the soil that will receive aromatic herbs

The only requirement for aromatic herbs is that the soil should be light, soft, porous, airy and well drained so that they can benefit from good air and water circulation.

To optimize the quality of the soil where you are going to plant aromatic herbs, you can add sand and organic matter to make it looser.
Do not plant in soils that are soaked with water as moist and compact lands are not suitable for planting aromatic herbs.

You can choose a garden planted in pots

Planting in pots, as done directly in the garden soil, must respect the requirement of dry, light and porous soil with good drainage. A strategy indicated to improve the quality of the land where you will plant aromatic herbs in a pot is to follow the following formula: 1/3 of washed coarse sand, 1/3 of well-tanned organic fertilizer and 1/3 of common soil.

Place a sufficient layer of gravel at the bottom of the pot to cover the bottom, it will be necessary to ensure the quality of drainage.
Only then fill the pot with the earth mixture and remember that each pot must contain one and only one kind of herb.

The importance of seeds

In order for the harvest to be profitable and meet your expectations, always choose seeds of good quality, although their cost may be less inviting. Poor quality seeds can sabotage the aroma and taste of the entire harvest.

Watering frequency and intensity

It is forbidden to leave the soil soaked, other than that the aromatic herbs do not have great demands regarding irrigation.

  • Try to water more often and for longer in the hottest months, and in the rainy months, choose sporadic watering and only if necessary.
  • Very heavy watering is always to be avoided and it is best to choose the first hours of the day, or the last hours of the afternoon to do the watering. Watering during the hottest hours has a counterproductive effect, as leaving the tender leaves of aromatic herbs wet under the sun will cause them to dry out due to the heating of the water.
  • Pay more attention to the need for watering during the development of aromatic herbs.

Fertilization of aromatic herbs

Like other types of crops, aromatic herbs also benefit from the use of fertilizers to fertilize the soil that will serve as food for growing plants. You can choose between organic compounds obtained from natural elements, or chemical compounds made from potassium, nitrogen and phosphorus.

Organic compounds must be incorporated into the soil about 30 days before planting, since chemical compounds are more recommended for monitoring and maintenance. 

Infesting pests and diseases

As a rule, all aromatic herbs are very resistant to the common pests and infestations that affect agricultural varieties. Whenever you detect the unwanted presence of insects you can fight them using a smoke syrup, and if you notice caterpillars in your aromatic herbs, remove them manually or attract them at night by spreading chayote or pumpkin peels over or near the beds. As a preventive measure it is also possible to apply Bordeaux mixture to prevent the attack of some diseases .

Eliminate plants and weeds whenever necessary and keep beds or pots free from dry leaves and branches.

Which aromatic herbs to choose to plant?

The choice of aromatic herbs depends on the purpose for which they are produced.

If you are thinking of using your crop for culinary purposes then the best thing to do is to plant the herbs you usually consume.
Chervil, parsley, coriander, basil or basil, mint, chives, chili, oregano, among others can be the right choices for those who want to consume the aromatic herbs they cultivate in cooking.

Already sage, fennel, chamomile, rosemary and lemongrass are more suitable for lovers of teas or sweets.

It should be noted that all these aromatic herbs are fragrant and very beautiful to the eye, and can also be planted only for aesthetic and ornamental purposes.

When is the best time to harvest herbs from my garden or pots?

Do not wait too long before harvesting your herbs. Know that younger, tender leaves retain much more taste, aroma and medicinal properties than plants with more mature leaves.

The ideal would be to harvest your herbs even before they bloom, as in this stage of development they have already lost some of their good properties, acquiring even a tastier taste.

An interesting tip is to know the best time of the day to harvest aromatic herbs: always try to do it during the morning.
It’s because? Because it is at this time of day that the oils responsible for the aroma and flavor of aromatic herbs are most concentrated in the plant.

Wait until the dew drops dry on the little girls and before the effects of the sun start to feel, take the time to harvest the aromatic herbs you need.
To harvest the herbs, use scissors, a knife or even your hand in delicate, dry movements.

And how to do it during the cold winter months?

If you are going to plant your aromatic herbs in garden beds, look for those herbs that resist the cold and rain well, and that can remain in the soil all year round.

Some species of aromatic herbs need to be packed when winter approaches and protected from the weather, and can only return to the soil with the arrival of spring.

If by chance any of the aromatic herbs of your choice does not get along with exposure to the cold of winter, that is not why you will have to stop planting them in your garden.
You just have to be careful to transplant it into a pot and it will be safe until next year.

Simple to conceive, easy to care for and with visible results in just a few weeks, aromatic herb gardens are a possibility for all of us. Whether we know about gardening, or we are completely lay in the matter, the truth is that aromatic herbs lack so little care, and they turn out to be so beautiful and fragrant that all the effort will be well worth it.

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