Gardening

How to grow tomatoes in the garden

Versatile vegetable, tomatoes are a rich and tasty food that can either be served raw, accompanied by mozzarella cheese or coloring a fresh salad, as well as being an ingredient used to make the most varied hot dishes. Instead of going to the supermarket, learn how to grow tomatoes in your own garden.

Types of tomatoes

Growing tomatoes in the garden requires the prior choice of the type of tomato to sow. There are 4 main types of tomatoes:

  • Beef heart tomatoes: large and fleshy, these are the most common tomatoes; they need between 60 and 90 days to bear fruit.
  • Round tomato: although slightly smaller, these tomatoes are equally juicy; they need between 70 and 80 days to bear fruit.
  • Chucha tomato: with a longer and more oblong shape, these tomatoes have few seeds but a lot of flavor; they need about 75 days to bear fruit.
  • Cherry tomatoes: small and delicious, these tomatoes can be eaten whole; they need between 65 and 70 days to bear fruit.

Buying tomatoes

To grow tomatoes in the garden, know that these plants can be purchased in seed form or already potted. If you choose potted tomatoes, make sure that the roots are white, that the plant has no flower, no more than 10 cm in height and that it has very green leaves (never yellow!), Looking young and healthy.

Plantation

If you choose tomato seeds, they should be sown in early spring, about 8 weeks before the last frost and preferably in a covered place. When the tomatoes reach a height of about 10 cm, they must be placed in individual pots and thinned to fortify the plant and promote its growth. After the last frost, the potted tomatoes can be planted in the garden or garden in a deep pit – if you bought potted tomatoes, this is also the right time to transplant them to the garden or garden. If you live in a small space, know that you can still grow tomatoes in pots: just make sure the pots are large enough to accommodate the tomato roots in a spacious way.

Tomatoes do well with…

There are some flowers and vegetables that tomatoes can and should be planted with, namely poppies, wonders and nasturtiums that attract insects to themselves, thus preventing tomatoes from being negatively affected by them. In terms of vegetable garden , you can plant tomatoes side by side with garlic, lettuce, radishes, cabbages, celery and spinach, as well as with all kinds of aromatic herbs . The only vegetable to avoid is the potato.

Maintenance

For successful tomato cultivation, loose and fertile soil is required, so it is advisable to prepare it with fertilizer or manure before planting tomatoes. It is also recommended the frequent application of fertilizer throughout the growth period of tomatoes. Tomatoes require a space with a lot of sun, but not excessive heat, and that is sheltered from the force of the wind. In terms of watering, tomatoes require plenty of water, especially in the root area, which must always be moist. When the tomato already has four flowering branches, the upper part of the main stem must be cut to encourage the ripening of the tomatoes. In addition, you must also eliminate all the small buds that form between the leaves of the tomato when they are 2 cm long.

Cultivation

The tomato bears its fruit between the beginning of summer and the end of autumn and can be harvested whenever it is red and ripe. To pick the tomatoes without damaging the tomato stems, you must pick the tomato and rotate it until it comes off its branch. When the nights are already cold or freezing, it is recommended to pick all the tomatoes – place them indoors, on the windowsill, for example, where they will just mature.

The main diseases of tomatoes and how to avoid them

Like any species that can be planted in the garden , tomatoes can also be the target of several diseases , the following being the most typical of this vegetable:

  • Rot: Tomatoes with brown, stiff edges feel a lack of water and/ or calcium.
  • Holes: Tomatoes with holes indicate the existence of tomato caterpillars, which must be eliminated immediately.
  • Mildew: a very common disease in plants, gives a brown appearance to the leaves of tomatoes, while darkening their stems. In these cases, it is important to remove all affected areas of the plant and, if you sow tomatoes again the following year, it is recommended that you change the cultivation site so that the tomatoes are not affected by mildew again.
  • Torn or deformed skin: this is a common symptom of tomatoes and, although it affects its appearance, it does not influence its flavor. While the appearance of torn skin is linked to the lack of water, a skin that has deformations is related to sudden changes in temperatures – growing tomatoes requires regular watering and protection against too high/ low temperatures, as well as protection very strong winds.

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