Gardening

How to make a homemade foliar compost?

In order for a plant to grow well, it needs to be fertilized regularly throughout the growing season since, like animals, they not only have to “drink” water but also have to “eat” if they want to survive. If we did not, we could have it beautiful for a couple of years, but as the substrate runs out of nutrients, the plant will weaken and become ill.

However, in addition to being advisable to fertilize by diluting the fertilizer in water and then watering, it is also very interesting to fertilize the leaves. But how to make a homemade foliar compost?

Why is foliar fertilizer important?

Plant life began in the seas. The first plants to appear, algae, having no root system, had to absorb nutrients through the leaves. This feature has not been lost. In fact, they absorb the fertilizer more quickly through their foliar parts than through their roots, since it enters the body of plants more quickly as it is very soluble.

For this reason, foliar fertilizers are a very effective remedy for correcting micronutrient deficiencies, such as iron, manganese, calcium, zinc or copper.

How to make a homemade one?

Recipe # 1: to stimulate growth

You will need to:

  • Urtica dioica ( nettle ): 20 grams if it is dry, or 100 grams if it is fresh.
  • A bowl
  • 1 liter of water
  • Spoon, or something to stir

Step to follow:

  1. First, add the water and the nettle leaves to the bowl.
  2. Afterwards, and once a day for 15 days, it must be removed.
  3. Finally, it is ready and can be applied early in the morning.

Recipe # 2: to stimulate flowering

You will need to:

  • 4 large banana peels
  • 2 tablespoons sugar
  • 1 liter of water
  • Stainless steel pot

Steps to follow:

  1. First all the elements are introduced into the pot.
  2. Then they are boiled for 5 minutes.
  3. Finally, one part of this compost is diluted with two parts of water for irrigation, and applied.

When is foliar fertilizer applied?

Foliar fertilizer, whether homemade or purchased, can be applied when the plants show symptoms of nutritional deficiencies, that is, when these symptoms are seen:

  • Yellow leaves with green veins: it occurs a lot in acidophilic plants such as Japanese maples, azaleas or camellias, among others, which are grown in substrates with a pH of 7 or higher and are watered with calcareous waters. It is due to the lack of iron.
  • Old leaves begin to turn yellow from the tip inwards (not to be confused with the senescence of the leaves or with excessive watering ): it is common especially in palm trees, especially those of the Syagrus genus to which the feathery coconut belongs, which are grown in clay soils. It is due to a lack of magnesium.
  • Young leaves begin to turn yellow: It is also common in palm trees. It is due to the lack of manganese.
  • Small and deformed leaves: frequent in plants grown in acid soils that need to grow in limestone soils. It is due to a lack of calcium.
  • Older leaves turn reddish or yellowish, lose color: it is due to a lack of nitrogen, one of the most important nutrients for plants.
  • Leaves with corked tips: if you also notice that it produces fewer flowers and fruits, it is because it lacks potassium, another of the essential nutrients.
  • Poor production of new leaves: this symptom may be due to a lack of phosphorus, another of the most important plant nutrients.

How is foliar fertilizer applied?

Foliar fertilizer, as its name suggests, is a liquid that is applied to the leaves, although it can also be applied to the green stems. The way to proceed is to first remove the sprayer/ sprayer once it is full, and then spray/ spray on the plant.

But it is important that it is not done if the sun is directly shining at that time, nor on windy days as the wind itself would dry the leaves, thus reducing the effectiveness of the fertilizer.

Do you know other recipes for foliar fertilizers?

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