How to make a pergola to create shade in your garden

Currently, there are pergolas for all tastes and shapes and its use in a garden can be an excellent alternative for decoration. Find out how to make a pergola for your garden vines and make the most of your outdoor space.

What is a pergola and its practical application

A pergola is a fixed structure, usually in wood, that is used in a garden or balcony. It is a decorative element created specifically for the exterior of a house that, when covered with vines, gives your garden a more natural, classic and refined image.

Pergolas have an enormous practical variety, since they make it possible to obtain shade on the sunniest days, define and fill unused spaces, and allow greater privacy, especially in urban gardens and terraces. In this sense, learn what steps to follow when building a pergola and use the most suitable tools .

The materials needed

A DIY store is the best place to buy all the materials needed to build a pergola. So, to make a pergola for your garden vines, you will be successful if you gather the following material:

  • 19 posts of the 4×4 type;
  • 2×6 posts;
  • Large planting pots;
  • 3/8 “x3” lag screws;
  • Gravel;
  • Concrete blocks;
  • Hanger beams;
  • Nail gun and 3 nails;
  • Drilling machine and 3 screws;
  • Transverse beams.

You should be aware that the failure to use the appropriate materials may not produce the desired effect and the effectiveness of the pergola may be compromised.

Site preparation

Before building a pergola, you need to know which type of pergola is best for your garden, which shape is best and what function it will perform. Then, you just have to get to work , beautify and decorate your garden.

The steps to follow in building a pergola

For a pergola to be correctly constructed, the following steps must be performed:

  • You should drill a hole in the center of the bottom of each planting pot – this is where the lag screw will attach to the post. It is also advisable to drill multiple holes around the outer ring at the bottom of the planting pot to create drainage for the plants ;
  • Drill a hole in the center of the bottom of each of the 4×4 type posts to later be able to place the lag screws;
  • Screw the 4×4 type posts to the planting pots and use the lag screws for this purpose. It is recommended that you use at least eight planting pots;
  • Place the planting pots in their positions, for example 1.5/ 2 meters apart, to maintain a solid structure. Half fill the vases with cement;
  • Cut four 2×6 posts and place them separately at a distance of 20 centimeters. Cut two pieces of the 2×6 posts so that they can fit into the cross beams;
  • Use hanger beams to connect the three pieces of the set, that is, the 4×4 type posts, the 2×6 type posts and the cross beams. By doing so, you will be able to squeeze all the parts. Repeat the procedure with the second set of three pieces;
  • Connect the hooks on each 30 cm beam to the middle of each 2×6 post;
  • Using several hands, you must lift a set of three attached posts and nail them to the top of the 4×4 posts. You must make sure that you align the seams with the middle of the 4×4 type posts;
  • Once they are all nailed, secure them with 3 screws;
  • After all the previous operations have been carried out, add more soil and gravel to the planting pots so that they are more secure and secure;
  • Another 2×6 beam should be added to the outer edges of the pergola, so that it is as stable as possible;
  • Place the additional 4×4 posts on the hanger beams where you installed the 2×6 posts, using three screws to attach them.

Take the opportunity to place vases of climbing plants at the base of the pergola so that they grow and climb the posts, creating a magnificent shade for the summer days. Until they grow, you can cover the wooden pergola with light fabrics.

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