Gardening

How to make a pond in the garden

An element with water – be it a pond or a fountain – immediately gives life to any garden. In addition to being visually pleasing, it also appeals to other senses, namely being in a beautiful and colorful garden, listening to the buzz of the water. Find out how to build a pond in your garden… it’s easier than you think!

What kind of lake?

Like the poolsprefabricated ponds, there are also prefabricated ponds, available at garden stores and which can be easily implemented, simply follow the instructions included in the respective kit. You can also have a pond built in cement, for example, just as you would a pool, however, both of these options require some initial investment, being the most expensive choices when it comes to installing a pond in the garden. If you feel like getting your hands literally on the ground, you can make your own pond in the garden – you just need some prior planning (it also has the advantage of being able to decide the size and shape of the pond, as opposed to being restricted to pre- manufactured) and a basic kit consisting of a plastic/ PVC/ rubber liner and a small water pump suitable for the purpose.

What is the best location for a pond in the garden?

Putting a pond in the garden is like decorating it: the garden is the space and the lake is the decorative element. The location depends, of course, on the size of the lake, but also on the use it will have. Will you want the lake in the center of the garden or in a more exclusive corner? Do you have small children at home? In that case, you can opt for a higher lake, rather than at ground level. If you are going to have plants and fish in the pond in your garden it is also important that it receives at least 4 hours of direct sunlight every day. Another good tip is to avoid placing the lake close to trees, especially fruit trees, so as not to have the lake constantly full of leaves, broken branches and fruit – something that can be harmful for both plants and fish – in addition require more cleaning and maintenance time.

Plants & Fish

To complete the pond in your garden, it needs life and you can earn it quickly with the inclusion of plants and/ or fish suitable for the atmospheric and climatic conditions of the area in question. The best plants for a garden pond are, of course, aquatic plants and you can learn more about the appropriate species at a local garden store or nursery. Start by placing a few plants at a time, until you see their growth rate and direction. In addition, do not neglect the decoration of the area around the lake with plants and flowers, and you can replant those that were initially removed to dig the lake hole, for example. Alternatively, in order to create a leisure area, you can cover the area surrounding the lake with grassor even a small patio where it will be possible to place outdoor furniture. Regarding fish, know that a fish pond is a very original element for a garden.

10 steps to make a pond in the garden

If you choose to create your own garden pond, without using third parties or a prefabricated model, follow these 10 steps and transform your garden into a weekend:

  1. Study the location of the lake in your garden, demarcating the area using some stakes stuck in the earth and a rope; alternatively, use one or several large sheets of cardboard that can be cut to the image of the lake you want to build. Always be careful to check that the area where you are going to dig has no drainpipe or other.
  2. Once you have decided on the size and shape, start digging the soil, removing all kinds of stones, plants and flowers, including roots. The hole for the lake should have a depth of approximately 1 meter at 1m20cm, with a minimum depth of 60cm.
  3. The next step is to level the bottom as much as possible, adding some of the soil already removed if necessary.
  4. Then, extend the plastic/ PVC/ rubber liner you purchased, making sure that it fully covers both the bottom and the sides of the hole. This material, although resistant and durable, can easily break if it is in contact with sharp objects, so be careful to keep the liner away from gardening tools , as well as larger stones.
  5. The liner should extend at least 60 cm out of the hole and along the lake’s “margins”. Cut off the excess using scissors.
  6. Use the excavated earth to cover the excess liner: in addition to being unsightly, sun exposure can damage the liner. Place large stones around the pond, permanently affixing the liner and creating a natural decoration for the garden pond. You can also place some flat stones at the bottom of the lake to help keep the liner intact and immobile.
  7. Following the instructions that come with it, position the water pump properly inside the hole.
  8. Fill the hole with a little water to make sure everything is in place and that there are no water leaks. In case everything is operational, fill the hole with water from the hose and turn on the water pump.
  9. Wait about 24 hours before adding plants and/ or fish to the pond in your garden. The plants must be placed inside the pond in black plastic or mesh pots and can be placed on the bottom of the lake and/ or on stones of different heights to create a visual interest.
  10. Finally, enjoy the lake you just created: your garden is certainly even more beautiful!

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