Gardening

How to plant brussels sprouts

Brassica oleracea Gemmifera Group or Brassica oleracea gemmifera variety

Brussels sprouts are a group of cabbage cultivars in which the leaf axillary buds develop, so that the stem is covered with many sprouts similar to small cabbages, which are harvested and eaten mainly cooked.

Climate

Brussels sprouts are a vegetable with a cold or mild climate, which hardly grows well in places where the average temperature exceeds 24 ° C, and the temperature range considered ideal for cultivation is 15 ° C to 18 ° Ç. The plant supports well frosts and some cultivars can survive for short periods at temperatures up to -10 ° C.

Brightness

Brussels sprouts need high light, with direct sunlight for at least a few hours a day.

Ground

Plant in well-drained, fertile soil, rich in organic matter and rich in nitrogen. The ideal soil pH is between 6.0 and 6.8.

Brussels sprouts are very sensitive to the lack of boron in the soil. If the plants are showing hollow stems and are not growing well, these can be symptoms of boron deficiency, a problem that can be corrected by fertilizing with boron-containing fertilizer.

Irrigation

The vegetable garden must be irrigated in order to keep the soil always moist, without being soaked.

Planting

The seeds can be planted in seedlings, small pots or plastic cups or newspaper, and transplanted when the seedlings have 4 to 6 leaves. Transplant preferably in the late afternoon, with the soil very moist, or on cloudy and rainy days. The seeds can also be planted directly at the final location, although this practice is less common.

Cultivation

Remove invasive plants that are competing for nutrients and resources.

Harvest

Brussels sprouts are harvested from 90 to 140 days after sowing, varying according to the cultivar planted and the cultivation conditions, and lasting for a few months if the plant is not cut whole at harvest, that is, if shoots are harvested one by one. In the latter case, the shoots are harvested from the base of the plant upwards, as they reach 2.5 to 5 cm in diameter, without being open or yellow. Cut the buds with a knife close to the stem or twist each bud until it comes off the plant.

Many claim that Brussels sprouts are tastier if harvested after a light frost has occurred.

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