How to plant cabbage

Cabbages are plants of the species Brassica oleracea that produce a compact head of leaves during their life cycle. Other plants of the same species are kale, kohlrabi, cauliflower and broccoli.

There are cabbage cultivars with heads that vary in size, shape and color, and there are two main groups of cultivars, the one with smooth leaves ( Brassica oleracea Grupo capitata) and the one with curly leaves ( Brassica oleracea Grupo sabauba), known as curly cabbages, savoy cabbages or savoy cabbages.

Cabbage can be eaten raw or cooked, and canning is very common. However, overcooking the cabbage produces an unpleasant taste and smell, resulting from the production of hydrogen sulfide during cooking. Within certain limits, the longer the cabbage is cooked, the stronger its flavor and the more unpleasant its odor (a few minutes of cooking can make a big difference). The ideal cooking time for cabbage cut into thin strips is approximately 4 minutes, which can vary from cultivar to cultivate.


Cabbage is a cold-weather vegetable, and some cultivated varieties can survive even when the temperature reaches -10 ° C for short periods of time. Some cultivated varieties of cabbage are adapted to warmer climates and tolerate higher temperatures. It is important to choose a cultivated variety of cabbage according to the local climate and the time of year when planting will take place. There are winter cultivars and summer cultivars.

Long periods with very high or very low temperatures can induce well-developed plants to flower early.


It needs high luminosity and should be cultivated with direct sunlight.


The soil must retain moisture well, but it must be well drained, and it must be fertile and rich in organic matter. The soil pH can be between 6 and 7.5.


It is demanding in terms of water availability and must be irrigated frequently, so that the soil is always moist, but not soaked.


The planting is done through seeds, which can be sown directly in the final location or can be sown in sowing, with the cabbage seedlings being transplanted when they reach approximately 10 to 15 cm in height. The depth of sowing can be 1 to 2 cm and germination usually occurs in less than a week.

The recommended spacing between plants can vary from 30 to 60 cm, depending on the cultivated variety and the size of the head you want to harvest. Within certain limits, the greater the spacing, the greater the heads formed.


Remove invasive plants that are competing for resources and nutrients.


Cabbage is harvested two to four months after planting, depending on the cultivated variety and growing conditions. Harvest when the heads are well formed, firm and compact.

Some cultivated varieties can sprout and produce a second crop of small heads if the plants are left in the soil with a stem at least 10 cm high.

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