How to plant caraway

Carum carvi

Caraway, also known as Roman cumin, bread cumin or Armenian cumin, is an herb whose seeds are very similar to cumin seeds (in fact the “seeds” are a mericarp, a dry fruit that contains a seed each), but with a slightly different flavor (the plants, however, are not similar in appearance to the point of being confused). Like caraway, caraway seeds are used in the preparation of various types of food and are used for medicinal purposes. This herb, whose leaves are similar to the leaves of the carrot, usually reaches 30 to 60 cm in height, but can reach 1.5 m in height. The leaves are aromatic and can be eaten raw or cooked. The roots can also be eaten cooked.


The ideal temperature range for growing caraway is similar to that of carrots, ranging from 4 ° C to 22 ° C. Strong winds and heavy rains can cause damage to the plants and can ruin the harvest if they occur during fruit ripening.


This plant needs direct sunlight for at least a few hours daily.


Cultivate in well-drained, deep, fertile soil rich in organic matter. Although it can tolerate a wide range of soil pH, the ideal range is 6 to 7.


Irrigate in order to keep the soil moist, without being soaked. This herb is sensitive to a lack of water.


Caraway seeds should be sown in the final location, as the seedlings generally do not support the transplant well. The seeds can be approximately 5 mm deep. Germination under normal conditions takes 1 to 3 weeks.

Planting is usually done in the spring in temperate regions and in the autumn in warmer, mild winter regions.

The recommended spacing for cultivation is 30 to 50 cm between the planting lines and 20 to 45 cm between the plants.


Remove invasive plants that are competing for nutrients and resources.


There are biennial cultivars and annual cultivars. In biennial cultivars, flowering occurs only in the second year, usually in late summer.

Harvesting is done when the fruits are changing color, becoming brown. Cut the umbrellas with the fruits and leave them inverted, with a container or cloth underneath to receive the fruits (the “seeds”) that come off, until they finish drying completely. Alternatively, the fruits can be placed in appropriate dryers.

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