How to plant chicory and almond

Chicory, almond, endive, endive and Radicchio are names given to cultivars of two species of the genus Cichorium , which are Cichorium intybus and Cichorium endivia . In principle, the name endive is given to all cultivars of the species Cichorium endivia , endive are cultivars of endives that have smooth leaves, almond is a group of cultivars with a bitter taste of the species Cichorium intybus , radicchio are cultivars of the species Cichorium intybuswhich form a compact head and have reddish-colored leaves, and chicory is a common name given to either of the two species. However, there is confusion with the names given to the cultivars of these plants, so that the names do not always follow what was said here. For example, some Cichorium intybus cultivars are also called endives (French endives or Belgian endives).


The ideal temperature for growing chicory is between 12 ° C and 22 ° C, although there are cultivars that tolerate lower temperatures and others that tolerate slightly higher temperatures. Temperatures above 25 ° C generally induce the plant to produce less developed leaves and to flower early.


Chicory can grow in direct sunlight or in partial shade, as long as there is good light. The leaves of plants grown under direct sunlight and high temperatures usually become more bitter.


Plants need well-drained, fertile soil that is rich in organic matter. The ideal soil pH ranges from 5.5 to 7. It is not necessary for the soil to be particularly rich in nitrogen.


Chicory must be irrigated frequently so that the soil does not dry out.


The seeds can be planted in sows or modules, and the transplant can be done when the seedlings have 4 to 6 leaves, preferably on cloudy days or in the late afternoon, especially if the room temperature is high, as the seedling can wilt and die if the transplant occurs when the weather is hot and dry.

The seeds can also be planted directly at the definitive location of the garden in regions with a mild climate. Subsequently, some seedlings can be transplanted or harvested so that the spacing is adequate.

The recommended spacing depends on the variety cultivated or cultivated, and the conditions of cultivation, ranging from 20 to 30 cm between the planting lines and 15 to 30 cm between the plants for almonds and radicchios, and from 30 to 50 cm between the lines of planting. planting, with 25 to 40 cm between plants, for endives or endives.

Chicory can also be grown in medium or large pots and planters.


Remove invasive plants that are competing for resources and nutrients.

A practice that can be performed on endives is bleaching or bleaching. It aims to make endives less bitter, lighter and more tender, and consists of leaving plants deprived of light before harvest, for approximately 15 days. There are several methods for this, such as gathering and tying the outer leaves in order to deprive the younger leaves of light, placing an object (for example a plate or pot) on the center of each plant, or cultivating in a pot and cutting all the leaves of the plant, allowing the plant to regrow in a dark place until harvest time.


Harvesting can take place 50 to 100 days after sowing, depending on the cultivar planted and the cultivation conditions. Cultivars that have loose leaves can be harvested individually only when necessary. Plants that are fully cut in the crop can sprout and provide new crops.

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