Gardening

How to plant cucumbers in the garden

A very easy vegetable to plant and grow, cucumber is one of the main ingredients of a good salad in summer, but it can also be enjoyed as a pickle throughout the year. Planting and growing cucumbers in the garden is very easy and has quick and tasty results!

Types of cucumbers

Although there are several types of cucumbers to choose from to have in your garden or vegetable garden, these are essentially divided into two groups: salad cucumbers (large, smooth and shiny) and pickle cucumbers (small and rough) .

Salad cucumbers

  • Long Green Cucumber from Horta: one of the best known cucumber species, this cucumber is green and hard; it takes between 60 and 65 days to bear fruit.
  • Long White Cucumber: this cucumber is white and hard; it takes between 60 and 68 days to bear fruit.
  • Carousel de Bari cucumber: green in color and oval in appearance, with a slight melon flavor; it takes between 60 and 67 days to bear fruit.
  • Torto dos Abruzos cucumber: light green in color and long in appearance; it takes between 60 and 65 days to bear fruit.
  • Ashley cucumber: dark green in color and cylindrical in appearance, can reach 22 cm in length; it takes between 60 and 65 days to bear fruit.
  • China Long Cucumber: green (but with a white base), thin and narrow, can reach 50 cm in length; it takes between 60 and 67 days to bear fruit.

Pickle cucumbers

  • Pickle-dilly cucumber: a climbing species that reaches 12 cm in length; it takes between 50 and 55 days to bear fruit.
  • Paris Small Cucumber: a very popular species, it reaches a length between 6 and 10 cm; it takes between 60 and 65 days to bear fruit.
  • Bush Pickle cucumber: a shrub-like species, resistant to diseases and suitable for planting in pots, reaches 10 cm in length; it takes between 40 and 45 days to bear fruit.
  • New Pioneer cucumber: a species that bears many fruits, being quite resistant to diseases and pests; reaches a length between 5 and 7 cm; it takes between 50 and 55 days to bear fruit.
  • Earlipick cucumber: aromatic and resistant to diseases ; reaches a length of 12 cm; it takes between 50 and 55 days to bear fruit.
  • Pickalot cucumber: a shrub-like species, it is quite resistant to diseases and pests; reaches a length between 13 and 15 cm; it takes between 50 and 55 days to bear fruit.

Buying cucumbers

Before buying the cucumbers you want to grow, it is still important to decide whether you want a climbing or creeping cucumber plant in the shape of a bush. While the first needs to be supported by stakes, the second requires less space and can even be planted in an appropriate pot. Cucumbers can be planted in two ways: using seeds or using small potted grafts. Make sure that the latter do not have yellow leaves.

Plantation

To grow in abundance, cucumbers need to be planted in an airy area, with a soil rich in nutrients and direct sunlight. If you choose seeds, you should sow the cucumbers in early spring, digging small holes about 4 cm in the soil. If you choose to plant cucumber grafts, the ideal time to transplant them into the garden or vegetable garden is in late spring – plant them with a distance of about 30 cm between each. If you chose the climbing cucumber, put a stake for each plant.

Maintenance

The success of growing cucumbers also depends on watering – this is a vegetable that requires a lot of water, preferably tepid, but should avoid watering the leaves. When the first yellow flowers appear on the cucumber plant, add a fertilizer and keep the soil moist. During the ripening of the plant, remove the side shoots of the plant: this gesture will stimulate the growth of larger cucumbers. At the end of summer and before the cold threatens the plant, trim the shoots again, in order to accelerate the ripening of the remaining cucumbers.

Cultivation

It is in the summer that the cucumbers bear their fruit – each plant can produce about 15 cucumbers – and it is essential to harvest the cucumbers as soon as they are ripe, otherwise it will slow the growth of new flowers and new cucumbers. Perfect to accompany a good salad of lettuce and tomatoes , cucumbers (especially the pickle cucumber variety) can also be made into preserves, to be enjoyed all year round.

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