How to plant cumin

Cuminum cyminum

Cumin, also called real cumin, is an herb whose seeds (actually nuts containing the seed) are used as a spice in various types of food, and are also used for medicinal purposes. This herb is usually quite branched, with leaves in the form of thin threads, and can reach 20 to 80 cm in height. Its seeds are often confused with caraway seeds, but they have a slightly different flavor.


The ideal temperature range for growing cumin is 10 ° C to 26 ° C, and this plant does not withstand well under low temperatures and under very hot and dry weather. Strong winds and heavy rains can cause damage to the plants.


This plant needs direct sunlight for at least a few hours daily.


Cultivate in well-drained, fertile soil and rich in organic matter. Although it can tolerate more acidic soils, the ideal soil pH range is 6.8 to 8.3.


Irrigate in order to keep the soil moist, without being soaked. The soil can almost dry out before a new irrigation is done, but keep the soil moist if the ambient temperature is high. This herb is sensitive to both lack and excess water.


The seeds can be sown in the final place or in sowing, with the seedlings being transplanted when they are big enough to be handled (5 to 10 cm in height). The seeds can be approximately 5 mm deep. Germination generally takes 1 to 3 weeks, but can be hastened by leaving the seeds in the water for 1 day.

The recommended spacing for cultivation is 40 cm between the planting lines and 15 to 25 cm between the plants. Cumin can also be grown in pots and planters.


Remove invasive plants that are competing for nutrients and resources.


Harvesting can usually be done three to four months after planting, when the plants start to dry and the fruits are changing color. Cut or pluck the plants and leave them hanging, inverted, with a tissue or container below to receive the seeds that come off, until they are completely dry.

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