How to plant egyptian onion

Allium × proliferum

Egyptian onion, which can also be known as walking onion, walking onion, Egyptian walking onion or tree onion, is a natural hybrid of common onion and green chives. This perennial plant can reach 60 to 120 cm in height, and produces bulbils at the ends of the flower stems (scapes) that normally have between 0.5 cm and 3 cm in diameter. It also forms bulbs like the common onion, and young leaves and pseudostem can also be eaten. Bulbs and bulbs have a stronger flavor than the common onion flavor, and can be used in the same way as this one.


It can be grown either in a temperate climate or in a subtropical or tropical climate, although it grows best in mild temperatures. This plant can survive harsh winters, regrowth when the temperature rises again in the spring.


Grow with direct sunlight. This plant needs to receive direct sunlight for at least a few hours daily.


This plant is very tolerant of the soil, but ideally it should be well drained, fertile, rich in organic matter, with a pH between 6 and 7.


Irrigate as often as necessary to keep the soil moist, but not soaked.


The onion-of-egypt or walking onion is not normally grown from seeds, as it is a hybrid, so the propagation is carried out by planting the bulbilli or by dividing the clumps.

Bulbs can be planted about 2 cm deep, at any time of the year in regions where the winter is mild. In harsh winter regions, planting can be done in the spring or summer.

The clumps of more developed plants can also be divided, with the separation of the lateral shoots for planting.

The spacing can be 25 cm or more between the planting lines, and 15 to 25 cm between the plants.


Remove invasive plants that are competing for resources and nutrients.

The onion of Egypt is a perennial plant and can produce for many years without the need for replanting. However, over the years it may be necessary to decrease the density of plants by area and divide the clumps to improve productivity.

The flower stems curve with the weight of the bulbils, allowing them to reach the soil, thus propagating the plant naturally. It is thanks to this characteristic that this plant receives the popular names of walking-onion or walking-onion. If you do not want the plants to spread, all bulbils should be harvested.


The onion of Egypt or walking onion does not usually produce flowering stems and bulbils in the first year of planting, although it is possible to harvest the bulb that develops at the base of the plant, pulling out the entire plant.

Bulbilli are harvested in summer or autumn, depending on the variety grown and local growing conditions. They must be harvested before they start to sprout to be stored. Bulbous trees often start to sprout even before the stem bends and reaches the ground.

The leaves can be harvested and used as the leaves of chives. However, regular harvesting of the leaves can decrease bulb production.

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