How to plant fruit trees in your garden

Planting fruit trees is an excellent way to beautify your garden and to guarantee beautiful, fragrant and healthy fruits for your own consumption. Fruit trees do not need special care, however it is advisable to know some basic criteria before proceeding to plant them. Learn how to plant fruit trees in your garden and leave it with the best colors and flavors.

Pay attention to the size of your garden

As much as you want to have an orchard, take into account the real size of your garden. It is necessary to have ample space to plant and care for trees . For the roots of the trees to be strengthened without having to compete for water or nutrients, you will have to plant the trees a considerable distance from each other. Bear in mind that larger trees need more free space and that trees of different sizes have different needs in relation to the size of the soil they occupy.

Always choose good quality plants

Before planting any fruit tree in your garden, try to make sure the quality of the plant in question. Weak or sickly shrubs produce trees of inferior quality (nonexistent or unpalatable fruits), and are more susceptible to contracting pests, viruses and diseases. Always choose the best seedlings, as this is the best guarantee of obtaining delicious and beautiful fruits.

Take care of watering

Watering is a crucial factor in the growth and maintenance of fruit trees, and is essential for the fruits to be sweet and juicy. After planting the trees, it will be necessary to carry out a daily watering.

On hot summer days, even adult trees need frequent watering, decreasing in frequency when the season changes.
However. do not overdo the amount of water because the soaked soil rots the roots of the trees. Too much water in the soil can even in some cases lead to the uprooting of the tree, in the case of plants that are still young.

Know the needs of the trees you plant well

Fruit trees, like all other plants, differ from each other in terms of characteristics and needs. In order to provide the best development conditions for your trees, you must know the particularities of each of the species you plant. Pruning, harvesting, watering and drainage specific to each tree, as well as the most suitable phytosanitary care must be respected, so that everything runs smoothly.

Pay attention to the state of the soil

The soil on which the trees are planted must also deserve special care. The vast majority of fruit trees need good soil for garden and plants rich in nutrients, with adequate humidity, good water drainage conditions, and appropriate density.

Regularly adding fertilizer to the soil is one of the best ways to ensure that the tree receives all the nutrients it needs.
Eliminating the weeds that infest nearby trees is also important.

Light soils

If the soil is “light”, it may be beneficial to add a layer of straw around the tree after it is planted, as well as to proceed with a more generous addition of organic matter.

Heavy soils

In “heavy” soils with difficulties in draining, it will be advisable to plant fruit trees in the highest areas, so that the water drains better.

Know when to plant

You can choose to plant the root directly on the ground, or plant it in a pot.

Direct planting

If you choose direct planting, it is best to do so during the fall (September and October are the most favorable months for planting trees in the soil, as the land is still warm, and the roots have more time to form before the great colds. ). If you live in an area where frosts are frequent, then wait until the end of winter to plant your fruit trees.

Potted planting

If you decide to plant in the pot, you can do it all year round, avoiding the hottest and coldest months.

Learn how to plant

The act of planting fruit trees is quite accessible, however it is very much dependent on the success of future production:

  • Start by digging a hole twice the size of the part of the plant that will be buried;
  • After digging the hole, place the shrub inside, and fill the hole with humus-enriched soil;
  • Compress the soil well, so that it is compact;
  • Water well afterwards. Form a mound of earth around the bush 10 cm above ground level;
  • It is convenient to protect young trees from the wind, using support piles that you can remove after the first years.

Choose which trees to plant

If you want to have fruit all year round, you will have to plant trees that bear fruit in different seasons. Likewise, it is important to take into account the climatic characteristics.

  • Tropical climates: Anoneiras, mango, banana trees, among others;
  • Mediterranean climates: Citrus trees (oranges, lemons, tangerines), diospireiros (bears late fruits), almond trees (cannot support acidic soils), plum trees (easy to care for, susceptible to few diseases), fig trees (watch out for rain, wasps and birds), quinces (Portugal has one of the best quinces in Europe), among others;
  • Temperate climates: Apricots (apricots and apricots), pomegranates (can be pruned in hedge), loquat trees (they bear fruit early, but don’t like the cold), among others;
  • Cold climates: Cherry trees, peach trees, apple and pear trees (apple and pear trees lack protected and sunny places, they are ideal trees for small gardens), among others.

Although relatively easy, the task of planting and caring for fruit trees can always be made easier if expert advice is followed. For detailed help or clarification, do not hesitate to consult a farm that you can trust. Many fruit producers don’t mind helping, and there are even specialized firms that provide support in this area.

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