How to plant gherkin

Cucumis anguria

The gherkin is a vine whose branches can grow up to 3 meters. A plant of probably African origin, it can be found growing naturally in many tropical regions of America and Australia.


Maxixeiro is a hot climate plant, growing well in temperatures between 20 ° C and 27 ° C.


This plant grows best in high light conditions, with direct sunlight for at least a few hours a day.


Plant in light soil, rich in organic matter, fertile and well drained. Ideally, the soil pH should be between 5 and 6.5.


Irrigate as often as necessary so that the soil is kept moist, but without remaining soaked.


Sowing is normally done at the final location, making pits 30 cm deep and 30 cm in diameter. The soil removed from each pit must be fertilized with well-tanned manure, earthworm humus, organic compost or chemical fertilizer. After closing the pit with the soil already fertilized, irrigate and place 2 or 3 seeds about 2 cm deep. When the plants are 10 cm tall, leave only one or two plants per hole. Alternatively, the seeds can be planted in small pots, bags for seedlings, cups made of newsprint or other containers. The seedlings are then transplanted when they have 4 to 5 leaves. The spacing can be 2 to 3 meters between the planting lines and 1 meter between the plants.


The gherkin is normally grown as a creeping plant, but can be tutored, then grown on fences or trellises.

Each plant has male flowers and separate female flowers and needs the presence of bees for pollination to occur. If there are no bees, pollination can be carried out manually with the help of a soft bristle brush.


Harvesting usually starts 50 to 80 days after planting, depending on the cultivar and cultivation conditions. The harvest of the fruits to be consumed raw must be done before the development of the seeds, when they are very young. For other forms of consumption, they can be harvested well developed. The adequate size of the fruits for the harvest varies between 3 cm and 7 cm in length.

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