Gardening

How to plant lavender

Lavandula angustifolia

Lavender or lavender is a plant native to the Mediterranean region, widely cultivated for the extraction of its essential oil, used in perfumery and hygiene products. It is also much appreciated as an ornamental plant in gardens, with several cultivars for this purpose. In addition, its flowers are a good source of food for bees and the honey produced from its nectar is considered to be of excellent quality. To a lesser extent, it is grown as a medicinal plant and as a condiment for food.

Flowers are the main part of the plant used to give flavor and aroma to different types of food, including salads, sauces, jellies, ice cream and some wines and vinegars, although the leaves can also be used.

Several other lavender species are cultivated, but Lavandula angustifolia is the most cultivated species, since its essential oil is of better quality. This plant can reach 30 cm to 2 m in height, depending on the cultivar. Its small flowers can be purple, pink or white.

Climate

It is quite tolerant in terms of temperature, but does not grow well in a very humid or very cold climate.

Brightness

You need direct sunlight for at least a few hours daily.

Ground

Cultivate in well-drained, light, moderately fertile soil, with a pH between 6.5 and 7.5. The ideal is calcareous soils.

Irrigation

This plant is sensitive to excess water. The soil should always remain slightly moist during the initial growth phase. When well developed, lavender is resistant to short periods of drought and can be sparingly irrigated.

Planting

Lavender or lavender can be propagated by seeds or cuttings.

Sow superficially. The seeds can be sown in the final location or in trays and pots, in this case being transplanted when the seedlings are large enough to be handled. The seeds usually germinate in two to six weeks.

For propagation by cutting, the branches can be cut to about 10 cm in length, removing the leaves from the bottom that will be buried in the soil. The soil should be kept only slightly moist, as an excess of water leads to the rotting of the branch pieces.

The recommended spacing between plants can vary from 30 to 90 cm, depending on the size of the cultivated variety and the growing conditions. Lavender can also be grown easily in pots 30 or 40 cm in diameter.

Cultivation

Remove invasive plants that are competing for resources and nutrients.

Cut older branches that become woody.

Harvest

The flowers are picked as soon as they open, cutting off almost the entire branch. Leaves can be harvested when necessary, but they are less appreciated than flowers. The essential oil is extracted only from the freshly picked flowers.

This plant grows relatively slowly, and although it blooms in the first year, flowering is more abundant from the second year of cultivation. Lavender is a perennial plant and can produce well for more than a decade.

Related posts

Deja una respuesta

Tu dirección de correo electrónico no será publicada. Los campos obligatorios están marcados con *

Botón volver arriba