Gardening

How to plant lemon trees in the garden

Lemon has numerous practical applications, as it is used in cooking, medicine, cleaning, perfumery, cosmetics, among others. Learn a little more about planting lemon trees in the garden and have at your disposal one of the most important fruits for everyday life.

The lemon and its main varieties

The lemon is the fruit of the lemon tree, a persistent leaf tree of the rutaceae family and is originally from Asia. It is a fruit that has a rounded shape, with smooth or rough skin and has a yellow or greenish color. Its pulp is whitish and juicy and its juice is known for its bitter taste. The lemon tree is a medium sized tree, with a straight trunk, dense and rounded crown and reaches approximately 4 meters in height.

To plant a lemon tree in your garden , you need to know the different varieties on the market. There are about 70 varieties of lemon in the world, however, the best known are the tahiti lemon, the Sicilian lemon (the most widely planted variety in Europe), the Galician and the clove.

When to plant lemons

The planting of lemon trees is a practice that occurs in regions with a high relative humidity of the air and with hot or temperate temperatures, namely between 23 and 32 degrees centigrade. The lemon bears fruit throughout the year and to obtain the best results, its cultivation must be carried out in the beginning of autumn or spring, as these are the seasons that make the fruits more succulent.

The cultivation of lemons

In order for lemon trees to be planted correctly, it is necessary to devote all your attention to the following aspects:

The amount of sunlight that will affect the lemon tree

This is one of the most important aspects that will determine the success or failure of the growth of a citrus tree. The lemon is a fruit that needs a minimum of 6 hours of sun exposure and, as such, should be strategically located in your garden . If there is no clear point of light, the lemon will not be able to develop and the tree will eventually die. That way, and for that not to happen, you should go to a specialty store to get to know the varieties that best adapt to your garden.

Soil drainage

Lemon trees need a lot of water to grow, however, they don’t do well with soaked soils. That way, you should not place your lemon tree in the swampy part of your land. When choosing a location, choose one with lots of sun or place it in a container and then position it to your liking. There are numerous varieties of lemon species for containers that can thrive under the most appropriate conditions. These conditions include: having enough free space for the lemon tree to grow at will, lots of watering and the need to re-pot after a couple of years. Make sure that you cover the lemon tree soil with plant roots with soil and manure 5 to 7 centimeters high. You can also use organic fertilizers to fertilize the lemon tree so that it becomes more fertile.

The problems that occur in the growth of lemons

If you are growing lemons or any other type of citrus fruit, you must carefully observe all the changes that are likely to happen as you grow. For the lemon tree to be planted successfully, it must be watered at least once a week in warm weather and must fertilize the soil regularly. Of the possible problems that affect the growth of a lemon tree, the following stand out:

Lemon tree pests: lemon trees tend to attract pests and, as such, need to be controlled. If the leaves have a silvery trail, it means that your lemon tree may have larvae and they can spoil their production if they are not quickly eliminated.

The lemon tree to be scaled: in situations where the lemon tree is scaling, it is necessary to water it more frequently and use a vegetable oil based solution to control diseases and pests.

The fall of lemons before their season: this is a sign of irregular watering, lack of fertilizer or even too much fertilizer.

The cultivation of lemons in a garden is very easy to do and you only need to observe the signs that the lemon tree itself makes known to know if the plantation is being done well or poorly.

The advantages of using lemons

Lemon is increasingly taking on extraordinary importance in modern cuisine, not only in terms of decoration, preparation and seasoning of the most varied dishes, but also in terms of health and in helping domestic life.

Lemon is one of the fruits with the highest amount of vitamin C, vitamin A, B1, B2 and B3. It is very rich in iron, magnesium, phosphorus and potassium and has a concentration of citric acid that gives it an extremely strong taste. Its juice allows the creation of soft drinks, sauces, medicines, syrups and cleaning products. While from its shell, aromatic essences are extracted and used in the most varied perfumes, liquors and hygiene products.

It should be noted that lemon is often used to treat various pathologies, such as infections, fever, sore throats, colds, uric acid and acts as an antiseptic, among other applications. In this sense, the advantages of lemons are endless and that is why it is mandatory to plant them in a garden.

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