How to plant peas in the garden

The pea is one of the most delicate plants that can exist in a vegetable garden. If you want to have the most delicious and sweet peas planted by you at your table, learn how to grow them and make your vegetable garden a healthy pastime.

The origin of peas and their main types

The pea is one of the oldest foods in the food wheel and its appearance occurred in the Asian continent. Its scientific name is Pisum Sativum L and belongs to the family of Legumes or Fabáceas. It is an annual herbaceous plant of the climbing or prostrate type, with a flexible stem, simple leaves and flowers characteristic of legumes.

There are two types of fresh peas that can be eaten:

  1. pie pea, from which both the grain and the pod are used. It is widely used in the preparation of starters, soups and salads and combines very well with lettuce and onion
  2. grain peas, also known as thresh peas, from which only the grain can be consumed. This pea represents the main crop of this vegetable and can be planted in a garden, greenhouse or even on a balcony.

When you decide to plant peas, ideally, you should go to a specialized store to collect all kinds of information about the types of peas that best suit your vegetable garden and the space you have available.

The best climate and time for growing peas

The pea is grown in regions with a temperate climate, namely in tropical countries and in places of higher altitude. The best temperatures for growing peas are between 13 and 18 degrees centigrade. Keep in mind that too high temperatures (above 27 degrees) prevent the pods from growing and their peas from flowering and this seriously impairs their production. On the other hand, you should choose to plant peas in early spring, right after the end of winter frosts, as this is the best time for the development of pods and healthy peas.

Soil preparation for growing peas

In order for peas to grow correctly and naturally, they must be grown in homogeneous soil, without differences in humidity, acidity and fertility. In this sense, it must enrich the soil with compost and use organic fertilizers with low nitrogen levels, since the pea has the capacity to fix the nitrogen it removes from the air in the soil. The pH of the soil must be around 6.5 and the limestone must be mixed in the soil at least 3 months before the respective planting.

Peas should be planted against a wall, so that they can later be tied to an elevated position, avoiding the damage that may occur to the pods in contact with the earth.

With regard to irrigation of the soil, this can be done by sprinkling, but it should be borne in mind that excess water can impair the development of roots and facilitate the attack of fungi in the soil. The watering should be light and frequent between planting and flowering of the plant.

How to plant peas?

To plant peas directly on the land and be successful in this process, you must carefully follow the following steps:

Place the seeds on the ground: the seeds must be separated from each other at a distance of 8 centimeters and must be placed at a depth of approximately 2 centimeters.

Spacing the rows of cultivation: you must leave enough space between the rows of cultivation, approximately 50 centimeters, so that later, the harvest is easier to be carried out.

Planting peas continuously: the peas should be planted continuously for several months and the cultivation intervals should be two weeks. In this way, you will be able to intensively cultivate one of the sweetest and tastiest vegetables on the market and, at the same time, you will have peas throughout the year.

The main pests and diseases that affect the growth of peas

As well as any plant or flower species that can be planted in the garden, peas can also be the target of various pests and diseases , the following being the best known of this vegetable:

Rats and birds: you should be aware if your garden is vandalized by rats or birds, as they can spoil an entire production. If possible, get a cat to scare birds and small rodents, or sow pea seeds in something unpleasant like paraffin.

Aphids and the pea moth: Aphids and the pea moth can attack young shoots. To prevent this from happening, you must clean the new shoots by spraying them with soap, a mixture of soap and garlic or a mixture of oils. Use an organic spray bottle for this purpose.

The pod caterpillar and the green bug: both appear after flowering and remain until the peas are harvested. They attack pods and grains and cause a lot of damage to grain filling. The application of specific insecticides is the best solution to combat these pests.

Root rot: occasionally, the hot climate, humidity and overcrowding cause the roots of more mature peas to rot or mildew. If you see this situation on your plantation, you must correct it immediately, otherwise the pea production will be ruined.

These are the most important steps for planting peas in your garden and always remember something that is essential in growing vegetables: when harvesting peas from your garden, you should only remove those that you will use in your preparations, because only then can you benefit of all the freshness of your food.

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