How to plant radish

Raphanus sativus

Radish is a vegetable that has European cultivars and oriental cultivars (for oriental cultivars see How to grow horseradish ). European cultivars can be small or large, with roots that can be round or long. The external color of the roots can be red, pink, purple, white, green, black and yellow or cream.


The radish usually grows best between 8 ° C and 20 ° C.


The radish can grow in direct sunlight or in partial shade as long as the brightness is high.


Plant in soft, stone-free soil or the roots may become crooked and branched, especially for cultivars that have long roots. The soil must be rich in organic matter, fertile, well drained and with a pH above 5.5. The radish does not need nitrogen-rich soil.


The plant needs good water availability, but the soil must not be soaked. Never let the soil dry out completely.


The seeds must be sown directly at the final location in the garden.

The radish can be grown among the rows of other vegetables (especially the small radish cultivars), such as lettuce, carrots, cucumbers, zucchini, green beans, peas, spinach, chicory and corn.

Small cultivars can be easily grown in pots and planters. Larger cultivars can be grown in pots that are appropriate in size to the cultivar’s size.


Carefully remove invasive plants that may be competing for resources and nutrients.


The beginning of the harvest depends on the planted cultivar, but it usually takes 25 to 32 days for small cultivars, when grown under ideal conditions. These radishes must be harvested without much delay, as the roots become woody and bitter. Larger cultivars are usually harvested 60 to 80 days after planting. Some radish cultivars are annual plants, while others are biannual plants.

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