Gardening

How to plant radishes in the garden

Easy to grow and quick to grow, it is possible to plant radishes in order to enjoy them almost the whole year – just choose between the spring radish or the winter radish. In both cases, you will get fresh and always tasty vegetables.

Radish radishes

Already cultivated in ancient Egyptian civilization, radishes have always been appreciated for their healing properties and distinct flavor. Filled with antioxidants, glucose, vitamin C, bio-active substances, mustard oils and glucosinolates, among others, the radish is effective in preventing oncological diseases, as well as supporting the 100% functioning of the gastric and intestinal systems. A very complete vegetable, taking into account that its leaves and flowers are also edible, being widely used in the preparation of teas and salads.

Types of radishes

There are two main types of radishes: the spring radishes, whose main characteristics are rapid growth, a low intensity aroma, a color that can vary between white, red and pink; and a shape that can be either cylindrical, oval or spherical. Winter radishes, on the other hand, take longer to develop and grow, but are more aromatic. Winter radishes are further classified into 4 groups:

  1. “German Beer” – radish very similar to the turnip;
  2. “Chinese” – long, white radish;
  3. “Daikon” – white radish, is considered one of the best winter radishes;
  4. “Spanish” – black radish with white pulp.

Winter radish

  1. Radish “Munich Beer”: having many similarities to the turnip, this radish from the group “German Beer” is crispy and has a diameter of approximately 5cm; it needs about 69 days to bear fruit.
  2. Radish “Minowase Summer Cross”: belonging to the “Chinese” group, white inside and out, the roots of this radish can reach 40cm in length; it needs about 69 days to bear fruit.
  3. Radish “Cherokee Hybrid”: from the “Chinese” group, this spherical radish has a diameter that can vary between 5 and 15cm, a red exterior and a white interior; it takes about 66 days to bear fruit.
  4. “April Cross” radish: with a sweet white pulp, this “Daikon” group radish is long (40cm) and wide (8cm); it takes about 60 days to bear fruit.
  5. “Spanish Spanish” radish: black with spicy white pulp, this radish from the group “Daikon” has a rounded shape and a length of approximately 10cm; it takes about 59 days to bear fruit.
  6. Radish “Summer Cross”: this radish from the group “Daikon” is white inside and in shape, and must be harvested when it reaches a length of 15cm; it takes about 46 days to bear fruit.

Spring radish

  1. “Crimson Giant” radish: presenting a slightly spicy white pulp, this spherical radish has a diameter of 4 cm and a red hue; it takes about 30 days to bear fruit.
  2. “Candela di fuoco” radish : one of the longest types of radishes, its cylindrical shape can reach 25cm; its white pulp is sweet; it takes about 30 days to bear fruit.
  3. “Flambo-yant” radish: red on one end and white on the base, this cylindrical radish, which grows up to 5-8 cm, has a very spicy pulp; it needs about 29 days to bear fruit.
  4. “Scarlet Champion” radish: with a diameter of 2.5 cm and a spherical body, this highly tasty radish has a white pulp and a bright red skin; it takes about 27 days to bear fruit.
  5. “Cherry Belle” radish: with a spherical shape and a diameter of 2 cm, this bright red radish has a white pulp and has a sweet flavor; it takes about 25 days to bear fruit.
  6. “French Breakfast” radish: with a length of 5 cm and a cylindrical shape, this radish is red in the body and white at the base, still presenting a spicy aroma; it needs about 24 days to bear fruit.

How to plant?

The first decision to make when purchasing seeds is whether you want radishes in spring, winter or both seasons – get the right species. Radishes love direct sunlight and don’t grow as well when subjected to any kind of shade. In terms of soil, it must be fresh and rich in nutrients: before sowing, add about 10cm of fertilizer or manure to the soil, mixing it very well, to a depth of 30cm. Form rows where, every 4cm, create a hole to receive a seed, before covering it again with earth. If you choose to sow radishes in early spring, you must wait until the ground warms up, sowing every week to always have radishes, as this type grows very quickly. Winter radishes should be sown between the middle and the end of summer in order to develop before the cold arrives. However, even with the arrival of winter, radishes can remain on the ground – just cover the soil with straw as soon as it starts to get cold.

How to treat and harvest?

Each plant produces a root and the size of the radishes can vary between a width of 5 to 15 cm and a height of 8 to 20 cm. When the radishes develop 2 leaves, thin the plant to encourage its growth. In addition, radishes need an abundant watering to avoid dryness and consequent cracks in the vegetables. Radishes feature white, yellow and pink flowers that, while not harmful, can add a touch of color to your vegetable gardenor you can pick them up for use in the kitchen. On average, winter radishes are ready for harvest in 60 days; spring radishes, in turn, can be harvested much faster – in about 28 days. So the harvest will be a constant and there will always be fresh radishes on the table!

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