Gardening

How to plant sage

Salvia officinalis

Sage, also called sage or sage, is a plant grown since ancient times for medicinal purposes. Its leaves are used as a spice and to make tea, and it is also widely grown as an ornamental plant in gardens. There are several cultivars of this plant, with leaves and flowers of different colors.

Climate

Sage is a plant that prefers a subtropical climate, with temperatures between 3 ° C and 29 ° C being suitable for its cultivation, although it grows best in mild temperatures.

Brightness

Salvia needs direct sunlight for at least a few hours daily.

Ground

The soil must be well drained, light, fertile and rich in nitrogen. The plant is quite tolerant in terms of pH and soil type, as long as it does not retain much water. Sage can grow well even in stony soils.

Irrigation

Irrigate frequently so that the soil is kept slightly moist. Excess water harms plants, especially when the temperature is low. Adult plants are moderately resistant to short periods of drought, but sage grows best if water is not lacking.

Planting

Sage or sage can be grown from seeds, cuttings, layering or clumps. The seeds can be sown in beds, sowing, small pots and other containers, being transplanted when they are big enough to be handled without causing damage to the seedlings. Plant the seeds 1 cm deep or less. Seed germination takes two or three weeks.

The other methods are recommended for those who want to obtain plants with the same characteristics as the mother plant (clones). Planting by cutting is done by cutting woody branches and planting them in very moist soil, until they take root.

As it is not always easy to get the branches to take root to form the seedlings, it is often preferable to use the layering, which consists of stimulating the appearance of roots in branches of the plant before they are cut. This is usually done by bending a branch to the ground, and burying a section of it to take root in this location.

After rooting, the branch section is cut before it root, and seedling is transplanted, and then carefully excavated. Another method is to pile up soil around an adult plant, so that its branches take root. Then the plant is carefully dug up and the rooted branches are cut and planted in a new location. In all these cases, the time required for the branches to take root is approximately one month.

The spacing can generally be 60 to 80 cm between the planting lines and 40 to 50 cm between the plants.

Sage can also be grown in planters and pots. It can survive in smaller pots, but these must be large in size if the goal is to achieve good plant development.

Cultivation

Remove invasive plants that are competing for nutrients and resources.

To maintain productivity and quality, plants need to be replaced after three to five years, when they become very woody.

Harvest

The harvesting of salvia or sage leaves can be started when the plants are well developed. In the first year it is possible to make a light harvest. In the following years, two harvests a year. For home use, pick leaves or branches when necessary. Harvesting can be done 90 to 120 days after planting.

The branches or leaves must be harvested before flowering begins, which usually occurs only after the second year. The branches and leaves can be used fresh or dry, and the drying of the branches must be done in a cool and well ventilated place, without being exposed to direct sunlight.

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