Gardening

How to plant savory

There are several species in the genus Satureja , popularly known as savory, which are aromatic herbs used as a spice in various types of cooking recipes. These plants are also used as a medicinal herb and sometimes as ornamental plants in gardens. Its flowers attract bees and are a good source of food for them. The two most well-known and cultivated species in the world are as follows:

Satureja hortensis – the garden savory or garden savory is an annual plant that usually reaches 10 to 40 cm in height, with small violet or pink-white flowers. It is the most appreciated savory, since it has a more delicate flavor, being considered ideal for all types of recipes.

Satureja montana – the mountain savory is a perennial plant that can reach 15 to 70 cm in height, with small white or slightly pink flowers. Its leaves are narrower than those of the common savory and its flavor is stronger, being normally used in dishes such as soups, fish, meat and in dishes based on beans.

Other species of the genus Satureja are also collected or cultivated for use as culinary herb or medicinal herb, but are generally much less known than the two species mentioned above.

Climate

Savory grows best with temperatures in the range of 7 ° C to 26 ° C.

Brightness

These plants require high luminosity and must receive direct sunlight for at least 5 hours daily.

Ground

The soil must be well drained, light and moderately fertile, although they can grow even in poor soils. These plants grow best with a soil pH in the range of 6.7 to 7.3.

Irrigation

Irrigate frequently so that the soil is kept slightly moist when the plants are young. When they are well developed, the soil can be allowed to dry superficially between one irrigation and another, as long as the temperature is not too high.

Planting

The vegetable savory is usually propagated from seeds. Mountain savory can be propagated by seeds, by plant division or by cuttings.

The seeds can be sown directly in the final location of the garden, or in sowing, small pots or cups made of newsprint, making the transplant of the seedlings in 4 to 7 weeks after germination. The seeds are small and should be sown on the surface of the soil, and can be covered with a light layer of sieved or fine sawdust. Seed germination usually takes one to three weeks, but it can be time-consuming and time consuming.

To propagate the mountain savory, cut branches and remove leaves leaving only those closest to the end of the branch. Plant in pots with soil kept moist until rooting.

The spacing for the garden savory can be 30 cm between the plants. For the mountain savory, the spacing between the plants can be 45 cm.

Savory can be easily grown in planters and pots.

Cultivation

Remove invasive plants that are competing for nutrients and resources.

The mountain savory is a perennial plant, but the plants must be divided and replanted every 3 or 4 years.

Harvest

Leaf harvesting can begin when the plant is well developed (approximately two months old). The savory can be used fresh or dry. Pick fresh leaves or branches when necessary. Harvest the branches for drying when the plant is starting to bloom, as this is when its leaves have the highest content of essential oils.

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