Gardening

Indoor Plant Care: [Soil, Moisture, Pruning and Problems]

What characteristics do indoor plants have?

Spathiphyllum Natural Indoor Plant Height 35cm Peace Lily Spatifilo Plant with White Flower

Indoor plants provide a wonderful environment to the house.

Not only because they are precious and adorn the spaces, but because they add a series of conditions that enhance the internal atmosphere.

Among the improvements that can be described in relation to indoor plants we have air purification by adding oxygen to the environment, humidifying the interior of the house and reducing noise.

Likewise, they considerably improve aesthetics and, as the green color of its leaves and flowers are synonymous with relaxation, they immerse us in an atmosphere of tranquility.

Indoor plants can be located in intimate spaces, in the living room, corners, balcony, terrace, depending on the taste of each one, and we can even combine them with furniture and other decorative elements . And it is that indoor plants add aesthetics to environments.

One of the things that we must take into account is the flowerpot, the flowerpot or the bowl where we will grow them, since we can have them as hanging plants , at ground level, on the coffee table, in the windows, or, as in the case of palm trees and cacti, in tropical environments that will fill the spaces with joy.

Nothing like natural plants, so we are going to get rid of those artificial plants that are the opposite because, like them, they generate an artificial atmosphere that contrasts with the beauty of nature.

It is not difficult to have them, we just have to put a little effort and in the end we will feel rejoiced for having fulfilled a goal that will make us feel proud as human beings and that will please our wife and our children because, surely, the home environment will improve.

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There are numerous species of plants that are used for the interior, among them the durable plants that, as their name implies, will remain for a long time by our side if we give them the proper care, as we will show them in the following lines.

Some durable plants most requested for the interior are the cactus, the Adam’s rib, the anthurium, the African violet, the peace lily, the thorn of Christ, the hall palm tree, the ferns, the ficus the ivy, the dracena, the trunk of Brazil, the necklace of hearts and the prayer plant , among many others.

Each of them has a mission to fulfill at home. There are some that filter pollution gases and formaldehyde, a dangerous chemical compound present in any house.

Those that lend themselves to making very elegant green tapestries, to create a marine and tropical environment ; or like the spatifilo, which according to NASA is an air purification plant like no other.

What soil needs do indoor plants have?

Long-lasting indoor plants will grow based on their condition. The elephant plant is larger than others, as it can reach up to 1 m 30 cm in height inside the house, although outside it exceeds 10 m, but others, such as the prayer plant, which closes its leaves at night , they are much smaller.

When sowing them in pots, it is best to provide them with a peaty substrate or a superficial layer of soil. The transplant and graft are important in the growth of the plant., For we must prevent over tightening because they can run out of air.

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The ideal time to refine the soil is the transplant, taking into account that there are plants that require soil with special characteristics, and when they have spent a lot of time in the same soil, it is essential to fertilize because the substrate is impoverished and the plants, no longer reserves, they need nutrients.

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How to make indoor plants grow strong and vigorous?

In general terms, if we want them to develop strong, indoor plants of any kind need the same care, both in terms of temperature and irrigation and light.

They are plants that require light, such as the necklace of hearts, anthurium or ferns, but the light should not give them directly, otherwise their leaves and flowers will be affected. Therefore, we will put them on the windows, the balcony or in any space in the house, even in the garden, protected from the sun’s rays.

However, there are others, such as the rosary plant , a beautiful hanging specimen, that require at least two hours of direct sunlight a day to develop healthily. Nor can they be drowned in water during irrigation, because their roots will rot and consequently they will be in serious danger of death.

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Irrigation is not uniform on all plants. For example, the cactus should have a moderate watering, reduced to the maximum in winter, every 10 or 12 days in spring, but in summer every 4-8 days, depending on the climate where we are.

For their part, succulents, beautiful plants in the succulent family, ensure a water reserve in their leaves, and the more water they receive, the more fleshy their leaves become. When watering them, it is better to check the substrate by inserting your finger to see if it is dry. Also, if it lacks water, its leaves will be swollen and purple in color.

What humidity do indoor plants require?

One of the things that we must take into account is the appropriate temperature for the maintenance of the plants. It is good to know that thermal conditioning causes changes in temperature, producing imbalances in them.

That will make us see the need for water, because if the environment dries more than normal, it will need more humidity, so we will proceed to hydrate it by moistening the leaves with a spray , like a fine and delicate rain that will provide well-being.

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Therefore, we must be aware of nearby appliances, such as heating, which tend to dry out the spaces around the plant . As with the earth, the temperature of indoor plants is not uniform.

It depends on the type of plant , so, in most cases, we will guarantee humidity by placing the pot on a plate with pebbles and water, so that it benefits from evaporation.

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Tropical plants, such as ferns, tillandsia (pink feather) or anthurium, require a temperature of 15ºC-25ºC, but it is best to check the humidity of the substrate before watering them, and once they are watered, remove the excess water.

We can also completely submerge them in a container of rainwater, and then take them out, shake them and dry them, to guarantee moisture.

Is it necessary to prune indoor plants?

We will do the pruning to keep them in optimal condition: Using sharp scissors or pruning shears, we will remove the dried or withered leaves, branches and flowers, and then we will trim the very long branches and stems until they are shaped as appropriate.

When should we prune indoor plants?

It is good to prune at the beginning of the growing season. In case they do not bloom, pruning will be at the end of winter , and if they have flowers, prune after flowering. Do not prune if the buds have not opened.

How can we avoid pests and diseases of indoor plants?

Indoor plants, like the rest of nature, tend to be attacked by pests and diseases, so we must be vigilant, in order to prevent any abnormal situation in these cases.

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It is important to have the appropriate knowledge to treat them, so it is advisable to consult the experts or in any case have the appropriate ecological household repellants or pesticides on hand.

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