Insects and other pollinating animals in the garden

If you have an ecological garden or you are thinking of setting up one, insects and other pollinating living beings are an important part of it to produce the fruits and that is why we must know how to attract pollinators and keep them in the garden .

The vast majority of the plants that we grow in our garden require the action of pollinators to bear fruit: tomato, pumpkin, cucumber, melon, pepper, aubergine, zucchini … Among the pollinating animals we mainly find birds, bats and insects.

We also recommend which organic seeds to use , the best planters, growing boxes and tables for your garden and essential books to learn everything about organic gardening .

What is pollination?

It is a way that plants can reproduce or multiply.

Pollination is the fertilization of flowers by transporting pollen from the male to the female organ. It is an important process because without the pollination of the flowers, the fruits and their seeds would not develop.

Pollination occurs mainly in two ways, by the effect of the wind spreading pollen and by insects and other pollinating animals. But there are also plants that have the quality of self-pollinating the same flower (direct pollination) and there are plants that have cross-pollination (or indirect) in which one flower pollinates another.

Flowers with their nectar, their aroma and their bright and varied colors attract the majority of pollinators and that is why it is important to cultivate as much diversity as possible in a way distributed throughout our garden.

The more biodiversity we can achieve in our garden, the better results we will obtain in the harvests and the fewer pests will appear.

We are going to know some information about insects and other pollinating animals, beneficial for the garden because they contribute to the reproduction of plants and because they help regulate pests and maintain a balanced ecosystem.


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Insects and other pollinating animals in the garden

pollinating insects Bees and bumblebees

There are thousands of different species of bees and bumblebees and it can be said that they are the main pollinators. Unfortunately, the use of synthetic pesticides in conventional agriculture is causing the death of millions of bees and bumblebees around the world and their populations are being reduced alarmingly. What better way to contribute to the proliferation of bees than cultivating an organic garden?

And bumblebees are even more effective at pollinating than bees, so they should also be attracted to the garden.


They are one of the oldest pollinators, even earlier than bees. Normally, beetles prefer flowers with larger petals and those that are more aromatic.


They feed on the nectar of flowers and this causes them to spread pollen from one flower to another, fulfilling their role as pollinators.

Flies and mosquitoes

They are included within the Diptera family and include the group of hoverflies, which contribute enormously to the pollination of garden flowers because they feed on nectar and pollen. And also, hoverflies are aphid predators, what more could you ask for?


They also get nectar from flowers for food, but usually at night.


In addition to the fact that some species of wasps are predators of insect pests in orchards, they are one of the pollinators to highlight, especially in the case of figs.


There are birds that feed on nectar and we can especially highlight hummingbirds, great allies of market gardeners to increase pollination in their garden. In addition, birds are our allies when it comes to preventing or fighting pests of slugs, worms, caterpillars or aphids.


They tend to be very important pollinators, mainly in the case of fruit trees.

Plants that attract pollinators

  • Lavender or lavender
  • Zinnias
  • Anise
  • Borage
  • Thyme
  • Dahlias
  • Sage
  • Calendula
  • Basil
  • Primroses
  • Verbena
  • Oregano
  • Always alive
  • Rosemary
  • Bluebells
  • Echinacea
  • Petunias
  • Chamomile
  • Comfrey
  • Cosmos

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