Gardening

Learn how to grow peanuts or peanuts in the garden or in pots

Growing peanuts, peanuts or peanuts  both directly in the garden and in pots on patios and terraces can be a very rewarding experience. Although we eat peanuts as if they were nuts , we are really talking about a legume just like lentils , carob , tamarind and chickpeas .

The groundnut plant, Arachis hypoagaea , is believed to be native to Brazil and belongs to the botanical family Fabaceae . Peanuts are herbaceous, with several woody stems and can reach 70 cm in height. It has yellow flowers that when dry produce pods that contain between 3 and 5 fruits or seeds. Like the other legumes, they help fix nitrogen in the crop soil.

We also advise you which organic seeds to use , the best planters, growing boxes and tables for your garden and essential books to learn everything about organic gardening .

When the flowers have been fertilized they produce a pod that is directed towards the ground and is buried. In that pod is where the peanuts grow.

How to grow peanuts or peanuts in the garden or in pots

grow peanut Sowing and reproduction

We have the option of sowing the peanuts directly or preparing seedlings and transplanting the seedlings later. The peanut itself is sown in holes that are approximately 2 cm deep and between 1 and two seeds are deposited per hole. The seeds are covered without pressing the ground and watered carefully. In a period of 8 to 10 days the seeds begin to germinate. Peanuts are sown in the spring. We will leave a space for each plant of 30 cm² so that they have enough space to develop.

Substratum

Peanut cultivation is not very demanding in this regard and requires soils that are moderately rich in organic matter. It prefers soils with good drainage, with a minimum pH of 6 and that are well loose. If you plant the peanuts in pots or containers, keep in mind that these must have a minimum depth of 30 cm.

Read other articles about Organic Farming

Light

Peanuts require full sun exposure. It is not a plant that tolerates shade or semi-shade well. It must receive direct light in order to flourish properly.

Weather

This plant is of temperate and warm climates and grows well with temperatures between 17 7 30ºC, although it could withstand occasional frosts, but not if they occur frequently.

Irrigation

This plant requires regular and abundant waterings during the early stages. Droughts can cause defects in fruit development. After flowering, the risks will be reduced. They are stopped watering a week before harvest.

Peanut harvest

In autumn, after about 5 to 6 months after sowing, we can already be harvesting the peanuts or peanuts. We will see that the plant begins to dry out and the leaves begin to turn yellow. We carefully extract the entire plant and leave it for one to two days to dry in the sun. Later we can taste the roasted peanuts, natural, prepare butter, etc.

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