Gardening

Learn how to grow peppermint in the urban garden

There are thousands of reasons to grow peppermint ( Mentha spicata ) in the urban garden , since it is a plant with very simple care, it is aromatic and has a myriad of uses (to season meals, infusions, meats, pasta, desserts, etc.). So go ahead, don’t wait any longer and follow the step by step so you don’t waste any more time and start as soon as possible.

Do not stop reading: How to grow basil by cuttings

Peppermint cultivation by seed

For the cultivation of peppermint by seed, you can buy the sachets  in specialized stores. The sowing time is in the spring (depending on the geographical area), whether it is done at the end of February if the weather is warm, or in May if it is cold. You can make a seedbed or directly on the ground or pot.

In the seedbed you can use a substrate for indoor plants and distribute the seeds broadcast previously moistened and give it a first watering.

If it is covered, do it lightly and very carefully, since the seeds are very small. Germination will occur after a few weeks and should be placed in an area with more lighting.

When the seedlings have about 4 pairs of leaves, transplantation to the final place is necessary. But if it is sown directly, when they have about 3 pairs of leaves, thinning should be done. Leaving a plant or small groups of no more than 3 leaves with about 30 cm of distance.

The first harvests can be from a month and a half of sowing, using the tips of the branches to favor their sprouting. Full harvest is 3 months after sowing.

Peppermint cultivation by plant division

It is the fastest and easiest way to multiply peppermint . The ideal time to do it is in the fall. When the plant finishes flowering, it begins to overwinter. It is time to develop the thickest and most vigorous roots so that the rhizomes are a few centimeters from the surface.

There you must remove the pieces of plants with these roots with a tendency to stolonize and be able to transplant to other pots or soil. Although it seems like a slow process, the roots will continue to grow and new stems will sprout in the spring.

Another way to cultivate, if it is in the planter or pot, is to cut the root ball vertically into several pieces and then plant individually in new pots.

Peppermint cultivation by cutting

To multiply peppermint by cutting, it must be done in the spring or fall. So healthy and vigorous branches (about 10 cm long) should be cut.

These stems should be put in a glass with water so that their base is in permanent contact with the water. This water should be changed every third day to prevent it from spoiling.

When the branches begin to sprout roots, the rooting process has developed and it can be planted in pots with a substrate for indoor plants.

You can even drive the cuttings directly into the ground, but consider spraying the leaves several times with mineral water until they emit their roots. It is important to consider avoiding rooting in well-lit and drafty areas that could dehydrate you.

Peppermint care

It is a plant that requires minimal care to achieve optimal development:

  • Ensure regular watering to keep the soil evenly moist, but be careful not to water it.
  • Avoid subjecting the plant to extreme conditions.
  • Use a light mulch to help keep the soil moist and the leaves in good shape.
  • Do a pruning, as it is beneficial to them.
  • Use fertilizers every 2 months.
  • Sowing in full sun will increase the potency of its oils and, therefore, its medicinal qualities.
  • Relocate every 3 to 4 years as they tend to weaken and can become prickly if they stay in the same place.
  • Although it is a strong and very resistant plant, when it is young it is vulnerable to attack by mites, whiteflies, slugs and snails. To do this, it should be controlled with a natural insecticide.

Tips

  •  If you are growing peppermint in your garden , do so near the kale, tomatoes, and broccoli.
  • They are shallow, so it is easy to remove.
  • Before flowering, cut the stems 2 cm to keep them in water for a few days.
  • Avoid planting it near chamomile or parsley.
  • If grown in pots that are set at a high level, they will require winter protection in cold climates.
  • It is excellent to have around the house, as it helps repel ants while attracting bees.

So don’t wait any longer and make your garden a place full of opportunities. But if you already have mint in your garden, be sure to tell us a couple of tips that will surely be of great help.

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